Dataset: Eurobarometer 73.2: Humanitarian Aid, Domestic Violence Against Women, and Mental Well-Being, February-March 2010


This round of Eurobarometer surveys diverged from the Standard Eurobarometer measures and queried participants on the following major areas of focus: (1) humanitarian aid, (2) domestic violence against women, and (3) mental well-being. For the first major area of focus, humanitarian aid, the survey focused on the interviewee's level of awareness of organizations that provide aid and finance these efforts. Participants were asked how much they knew about humanitarian aid activities, the importance of funding these activities outside the European Union (EU) and informing EU citizens about the funding of activities, and whether the EU as an entity or each separate member state would be more efficient in providing humanitarian aid. For the second major area of focus, domestic violence against women, respondents were queried on their awareness of and proximity to domestic violence, as well as their perception of domestic violence, including some potential reasons for its prevalence. Additionally, respondents identified whether certain institutions, organizations, or people should come to the aid of women experiencing domestic violence. They also evaluated the usefulness of certain resources to combat domestic violence, and were asked whether or not they believed legislative action should be taken on domestic violence. For the third and final major area of focus, mental well-being, the survey assessed respondents´ levels of mental well-being over the last four weeks. Topics encompassed positive and negative feelings, absence from work, and the effects of physical health and emotional problems. In addition, respondents were asked about their level of comfort at work, care and treatment for their mental well-being, including sources of professional help and use of antidepressants, and the perception they have of others with mental health problems. Demographic and other background information includes age, gender, nationality, marital status, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, Internet use, type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (in select countries).

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

Eurobarometer 73.2: Humanitarian Aid, Domestic Violence Against Women, and Mental Well-Being, February-March 2010

Study Description

Full Title

Eurobarometer 73.2: Humanitarian Aid, Domestic Violence Against Women, and Mental Well-Being, February-March 2010

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Antonis PAPACOSTAS (Head of Eurobarometer unit) European Commission, DG Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector


Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
TNS Opinion & Social (original integrated data set and documentation) TNS
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (archive release data set and DDI documentation), GESIS

Date of Production


Place of Production

Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS


Version 3.0.0 (2012-08-28), doi:10.4232/1.11429

Date: 2012-08-28

Type: GESIS archive edition

Version Responsibility Statement

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Bibliographic Citation

European Commission:
Eurobarometer 73.2 (2010). TNS Opinion & Social, Brussels [Producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5232 data file version 3.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.11429.

Topic Classification

  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • Medicine

Geographic Coverage

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden


In all, Eurobarometer 73.2 interviewed 27.304 citizens in the 27 countries of the European Union after the 2004/2007 enlargement (i.e. including the Accession Countries Romania and Bulgaria), plus EFTA country Iceland. All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-nationals but EU-citizens, and aged 15 and over. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany.

Time Method

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-08

Cyprus (Republic):
2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

Czech Republic:
2010-03-02 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-16

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-27 - 2010-03-17

2010-02-27 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

Great Britain:
2010-02-26 - 2010-03-15

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-13

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-16

Ireland (Republic):
2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-27 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-12

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

Northern Ireland:
2010-02-26 - 2010-03-15

2010-02-27 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-27 - 2010-03-15

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-10

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-12

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-27 - 2010-03-14

2010-02-26 - 2010-03-14

Data Collector

From February 26 to March 17, 2010, the TNS Opinion & Social, a consortium created between Taylor Nelson Sofres and EOS Gallup Europe, carried out the fieldwork for this Eurobarometer, at the request of the European Commission, Directorate General Press and Communication, Opinion Polls.
TNS Opinion & Social is based at Avenue Herrmann Debroux, 40, 1160 Brussels, Belgium.
TNS Opinion & Social coordinates the fieldwork carried out through its network of national institutes:
Austria: Österreichisches GALLUP-Institut, Vienna
Belgium: TNS Dimarso, Brussels
Bulgaria: TNS BBSS, Sofia
Cyprus (Republic): Synovate, Nikosia
Czech Republic: TNS AISA, Prague
Denmark: TNS Gallup DK, Copenhagen
Estonia: Emor, Tallinn
Finland: TNS GALLUP OY, Espoo
France: TNS Sofres, Montrouge
Germany: TNS Infratest, Munich
Great Britain and Northern Ireland: TNS UK, London
Greece: TNS ICAP, Athens
Hungary: TNS Hungary, Budapest
Iceland: Capacent, Reykjavík
Ireland: TNS MRBI, Dublin
Italy: TNS Infratest, Milano
Latvia: TNS Latvia, Riga
Lithuania: TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius
Luxembourg: TNS ILReS, Luxembourg
Malta: MISCO, Malta
Netherlands: TNS NIPO, Amsterdam
Poland: TNS OBOP, Warsaw
Portugal: TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon
Romania: TNS CSOP, Bucarest
Slovakia: TNS AISA SK, Bratislava
Slovenia: RM PLUS, Maribor
Spain: TNS Demoscopia, Madrid
Sweden: TNS GALLUP, Stockholm

Sampling Procedure

A multi-stage, random (probability) sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regionals units in every country (Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT NUTS 2 or equivalent). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of starting addresses was selected from each sampled PSU, at random. Further addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures as every Nth address from th initial address. In each household, a respondent was drawn, at random, following the closest birthday rule. No more than one interview was conducted in each household.

The regular sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1000 respondents per country, except the United Kingdom with separate samples for Great Britain (1000) and Northern Ireland (300), Germany with separate samples for the Eastern (500) and the Western part (1000), and Luxembourg, Cyprus (Republic), Malta and Iceland with 500 interviews each.

Effective number of realised interviews in this round: Begium 1032, Denmark 1004, Germany-West 1033, Germany-East 540, Greece 1000, Spain 1006, Finland 1005, France 1053, Ireland 1014, Italy 1044, Luxembourg 505, Netherlands 1010, Austria 1009, Portugal 1032, Sweden 1004, Great Britain 1018, Northern Ireland 304, Cyprus (Republic) 505, Czech Republik 1022, Estonia 1000, Hungary 1040, Latvia 1008, Lituania 1016, Malta 500, Poland 1000, Slovakia 1032, Slovenia 1005, Bulgaria 1005, Romania 1054, and Iceland 504.

Mode of Data Collection

In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by TNS Opinion. Interviews were conducted face-to-face in people´s home in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.

Equivalent French and English basic questionnaires were developed for this Eurobarometer. These questionnaires were translated into other languages by the firms responsible for interviewing in each country. Backtranslation procedures were applied for controlling semantic equivalence.


For each country a comparison between the sample and the universe was carried out by TNS Opinion & Social (cell or post weighting). The Universe description is derived from EUROSTAT population data or from national statistics offices. For all EU member-countries a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, was carried out based on this Universe description. As such in all countries, gender, age, region and size of locality were introduced in the iteration procedure. For international weighting (i.e. European Union averages), TNS Opinion & Social applies the official population figures as provided by EUROSTAT or national statistic offices.

The application of Eurobarometer WEIGHTS is recommended for univariate (descriptive) analysis. All official reports are based on weighted data.

Three national weighting variables W1, W3 and W4 are provided for use in separate analysis of individual countries:

WEIGHT RESULT FROM TARGET (W1) reproduces the real number of cases for each country. British and Northern Irish as well as East and West German samples are weighted separately. This weight in its function corresponds to former NATION WEIGHT II (until EUROBAROMETER 31).

WEIGHT SPECIAL GERMANY (W3) adjusts the East and the West German samples to their respective proportions in the united Germany. All other samples are excluded. This weight should be used whenever the united Germany is to be analyzed as a whole.

WEIGHT SPECIAL UNITED KINGDOM (W4) adjusts the British and the Northern Irish samples to their respective proportions in the United Kingdom and should be used whenever the United Kingdom is to be analyzed as a whole. All other samples are excluded from analysis. This weight in its function partly corresponds to former NATION WEIGHT I (until EUROBAROMETER 31).

The European weighting variables W5 to W11, W13, W14, W18, W22, W24, W86 and EURO zone weights W81 and W82, and include adjustments of each national sample in proportion to its share in the total population aged 15 and over, of the European Union, the respective subgroups, or groups of accession/candidate countries. These post-stratification adjustments are based on EUROSTAT population figures. These weighting variables also include the national weighting factors.

European weights are provided for use in analyses of the European Union as a whole or in its different historical compositions, in each case excluding all other countries from calculation:

WEIGHT EU27 (W22) includes all 25 member countries after the 2004 enlargement, and the new members as of 2007 Romania and Bulgaria; WEIGHT EU NMS 12 (W24) refers to the group of the twelve new members as of 2004/2007, all other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT ACCESSION COUNTRIES (W18) refers to the former Accession Countries Bulgaria and Romania as a group. All other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT EU25 (W14) refers to the EU member countries as of the 2004 enlargement; WEIGHT EU NMS 10 (W13) to the group of the ten new members at times. In both cases all other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT EU15 (W11) refers to the EU members after the 1995 enlargement. All other samples are excluded from calculation. WEIGHT EU NMS 3 (W10) separates the three new members at times.

WEIGHT EU12 (W8) excludes Austria, Sweden and Finland from the EU15 group; unlike WEIGHT EU12, WEIGHT EU12+ (W9) includes East Germany; WEIGHT EU10 (W7) in addition excludes Spain and Portugal (enlargement 1986); WEIGHT EU9 (W6) in addition excludes Greece (enlargement 1981).

WEIGHT EU6 (W5) refers to the six EC founder members: France, Belgium, Netherlands, West Germany, Italy, and Luxembourg. All other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT SPECIAL EURO ZONE 16 (W81) separates the 16 countries which introduced the EURO as of 01/01/2002 (Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Finland and Greece) 01/01/2007 (Slovenia), 01/01/2008 (Cyprus, Malta) and 01/01/2009 (Slovakia). WEIGHT SPECIAL NON-EURO ZONE 16 (W82) refers to the rest of the EU member countries which so far did not introduce the common currency, grouped as a whole.

WEIGHT EU27+IS (W86) refers to the group of ALL participating countries (samples), the 25 member countries as of 2007 plus the EFTA and EU applicant country Iceland.

WEIGHT EXTRA (WEX) extrapolates the actual universe (population aged 15 or more) for each country (sample), i.e. this weight variable integrates all other available weights, but does not reproduce the number of cases in the data set.

Availability Status


Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials


Basic Questionnaire (English & French)


Belgium (Flemish)

Belgium (French)


Czech Republic


Estonia (Estonian)

Estonia (Russian)

Finland (Finnish)

Finland (Swedish)








Latvia (Latvian)

Latvia (Russian)


Luxembourg (French)

Luxembourg (German)

Luxembourg (Luxembourgish)

Malta (English)






Rep. of Cyprus




Spain (Catalan)



United Kingdom



SPSS Portable



Related Publications

Related Publications

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 345 / Wave 73.2: Mental Health. Part 1: Report. Survey requested by Directorate General Health and Consumers (DG SANCO) and coordinated by the Directorate General for Communication (DG COMM "Research and Speechwriting" Unit). Brussels, October 2010.

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 343 / Wave 73.2: Humanitarian aid. Survey requested by the Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO) and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM "Research and Speechwriting" Unit). Brussels, July 2010.
TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 344 / Wave 73.2: Domestic violence against women. Survey requested by the former Directorate-General for Justice, Freedom and Security (after an administrative reorganisation now DG Justice) and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM "Research and Speechwriting" Unit). Brussels, September 2010.

Other References Note

Further Remarks

Data for question module QA (Consumer empowerment) are only available as a separate dataset which merges responses to identical questions plus demographics from surveys 73.2 and 73.3 (ZA5236). This module was also surveyed in EU27 plus ICELAND and NORWAY.

Topical modules QC (Domestic Violence Against Women) and QD (Mental well-being) are surveyed in EU27; module QB (European Union Humanitarian Aid) is surveyed in EU27 plus ICELAND.

Topical module QC (Domestic Violence Against Women) replicates questions Q.52 to Q.62 from Eurobarometer 51.0 (ZA3171).

For Eurobarometer 73 the following protocol variables are not made available by the data producer: P1 - DATE OF INTERVIEW, P2 - TIME OF INTERVIEW BEGINNING, P3 - DURATION OF INTERVIEW, P4 - N OF PERSONS PRESENT DURING THE INTERVIEW, P5 - RESPONDENT COOPERATION.

Archive Study ID


Archive Study ID

ICPSR 29761

Usage Requirement

To provide funding agencies with essential information about use of archival resources and to facilitate the exchange of information about related research activities, users of the data are requested to send to ICPSR or GESIS respectively bibliographic citations for each completed manuscript or thesis abstract. Please indicate in a cover letter which data (surveys and respective variables) were used.


The original collector of the data, ICPSR, GESIS, and the relevant funding agencies bear no responsibility for uses of this collection or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.

Data Preparation

The data received by GESIS from TNS Opinion & Social were checked for completeness, missing and duplicate records, for illegal (wild) codes and for (formal) consistency of response patterns and question routing. Errors discovered by these procedures are documented or corrected, as a general rule after consulting related additional documentation (e.g. tabular reports) or the data provider. Indices and other derived summary variables were also checked and corrected as necessary. Complete machine-readable DDI-XML compliant documentation was created for this dataset by GESIS.

GESIS added ´Inappropriate´ (INAP) codes to indicate intentionally skipped questions when it could be determined that the appropriate skip instruction in the original questionnaire was adhered to for (almost) every respondent. An additional INAP category was defined whenever a question or group of questions were not surveyed in one or more countries, or if variables refer to country specific items (e.g. regions).

Users should note that answers to multiple-response questions are (originally) represented by a series of binary ´dummy´ variables (i.e. variables which take on values of one and zero only), creating separate ´dummy´ variables also to explicitly represent ´Don´t know´, ´No answer/refusal´ or other residual responses, such as ´None of the above´. The archive has recoded these residual responses in the case of uncommon minor inconsistencies with respect to and in favour of the series of substantial answers.

GESIS has recoded the missing answers (NA) represented in the original data set by blanks (system missing) to standard values. Their practically complete absence suggests that eventual cases of any not explicitly coded item non-response, might be collapsed with the DK (don´t know) category.

Question text and contingency text appearing in the variable description is taken from English language version of the basic (bilingual) questionnaire (master questionnaire). Coding schemes and other documentation are based on the English language version of the basic questionnaire or on the respective SPSS data definition statements as provided by TNS Opinion & Social. In case of any discrepancy between questionnaires, SPSS definitions and data regarding the coding scheme of a variable, the archive, as a general rule, carried out any correction in agreement with the data provider.

If the documentation for country-specific questions or answer categories is provided in another languages than English, the archive documents the original language wording and supplies the English translation in brackets.

Specific information on data preparation, harmonization or regarding inconsistencies is noted on variable level.

Series Name

The Eurobarometer (a.k.a. Euro-Barometer) Survey Series

Series Information

The Standard Eurobarometer surveys are the products of a unique program of crossnational and crosstemporal social science research. The effort began in early 1970, when the Commission of the European Community sponsored simultaneous surveys of the publics of the European Community. These surveys were designed to measure public awareness of, and attitudes toward, the Common Market and other European Community institutions, in complementary fashion. They also probed the goals given top priority for one´s own nation. These concerns have remained a central part of the European Community´s research efforts -- which were carried forward in the summer of 1971 with another six-nation survey that gave special attention to agricultural problems. These themes were of central interest again in a survey of the publics of the European Community countries -- then nine in number -- carried out in September 1973.

After 1973, the surveys took on a somewhat broader scope in content as well as in geographical coverage, with measures of subjective satisfaction and the perceived quality of life becoming standard features of the European Community public opinion surveys. In 1974, the Commission of the European Community launched the Eurobarometer series, designed to provide a regular monitoring of the social and political attitudes of the publics of the nine member-nations: France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Luxembourg. These Eurobarometer are carried out in the spring and fall of each year. In addition to obtaining regular readings of support for European integration and the perceived quality of life, each of the Eurobarometer has explored a variety of special topics. Also, attitudes toward the organization and role of the European Parliament have been explored in each Eurobarometer beginning with Barometer 7 in the spring of 1977.

The Eurobarometer surveys have included Greece since Autumn 1980 (Number 14), Portugal and Spain since Autumn 1985 (Number 24), the former German Democratic Republic since Autumn 1990 (Number 34), Norway (irregularly) since the fall of 1990 (Number 34), Finland since the spring of 1993 (Number 39), and Sweden and Austria since the fall of 1994 (Number 42). After the 2004 enlargement the new member countries, since 2001 surveyed in the framework of the Candidate Countries Eurobarometer, are then included in the standard series: the Republic of Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia. From time to time the remaining Accession Countries (AC) Bulgaria and Romania, the Candidate Countries (CC) Croatia and Turkey, or the Turkish Cypriote Communita (TCC) in Northern Cyprus are also included. Sine 2007 Macedonia (FYROM) is also surveyed in selected waves.

Intermittently Standard Eurobarometer have investigated SPECIAL TOPICS, such as agriculture, biotechnology, energy, environment, gender roles, health related issues, immigration, poverty, regional identity, science and technology, working conditions, urban traffic etc. In the case of some supplementary studies, special youth and elderly samples have been drawn. Starting with Eurobarometer 34 (1990) additional supplementary surveys on special issues have been conducted which might only include a reduced set of standard trend questions or demographics.

The Eurobarometer program was initially launched and managed until 1986 by Jacques-René Rabier in co-operation with Ronald Inglehart. Between 1987 and 1996 it was continued and enlarged under the direction of Karlheinz Reif, since 1993 together with Anna Melich.

Anna Melich took over the Eurobarometer direction from 1997 to 1999, by then still within the organizational framework of the former Directorate-General X, Public Opinion Surveys and Research Unit. In 2000/2002 Eurobarometer were intermittently conducted in the framework of of the DG Education and Culture, Citizens´ Center - Analysis of Public Opinion under the direction of Harald Hartung, and starting with Eurobarometer 54 under the DG Press and Communication, initially directed by Thomas Christensen.

Since 1999 the organisation and supervision of the surveys were consecutively executed by Rubén Mohedano-Brèthes (until 2002) and Renaud Soufflot de Magny (until 2006).

Since 2003 the surveys are organized under the unit direction of Antonis Papacostas (European Commission, Directorate General Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector).

Note that beginning with Eurobarometer 43 and Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 6, the archival survey titles in these ICPSR series no longer contain a hyphen separating ´Euro´ and ´Barometer´, in keeping with current usage. Other archives may follow different naming practices for this survey series.

Further and regularly updated information on the Eurobarometer survey series, including access to the original field questionaires in all language versions, is available through the World Wide Web at the GESIS URL:

Data Files Description

File Name


Overall Case Count


Overall Variable Count


Type of File

Nesstar 200801


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