Dataset: Eurobarometer 73.5: Civil Justice, Development Aid, Africa and the European Union, and Food Risk, June 2010

Abstract

This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present life and what their expectations were for the next 12 months. Additional questions focused on how respondents would judge the current economic, employment, or cultural situation in their household and country as compared to five years ago, which issues they thought the European Union (EU) should address and invest in as a priority, and whether they have heard of the European Social Fund. Further questions centered on four major areas: (1) civil justice, (2) development aid, (3) Africa and the European Union, and (4) food risk. For the first major area, civil justice, the survey asked respondents if they were ever involved in a civil or commercial legal proceeding and for details about their last experience, how easy or difficult it was to access civil justice in another EU member state, and whether additional measures should be taken to help citizens access civil justice in an EU member state other than their own. Respondents also identified their main worry in starting legal proceedings, the main difficulty in enforcing a favorable decision from a court in another EU member state, and how important it was for the EU to take additional measures to simplify procedures to enforce court decisions in other EU member states. In addition, the survey queried respondents about their knowledge of and opinion on a number of cross-border and family law issues. For the second major area, development aid, respondents ascertained the two biggest challenges currently facing developing countries, how important it is to help people in developing countries, how they help individuals in developing countries, and which actors are in the best position to help developing countries. They also determined whether the EU should increase or decrease aid to developing countries given the current economic situation, if there is added value in the EU member states working together to help developing countries, and the EU policies that have a positive impact on developing countries. For the third major area, Africa and the European Union, respondents were asked whether Africa would become a more important or less important partner for the EU by 2020, and to identify the two most important areas of cooperation between the EU and Africa, the two most important problems for African countries to tackle together, and the most positive image of Africa. For the fourth major area, food risk, the survey asked respondents to what extent they associate food and eating with a series of statements, how likely they would personally encounter certain risks, what comes to mind when thinking about possible problems or risks associated with food and eating, and to what extent they are worried about certain food-related risks. Respondents also indicated how much confidence they would have in certain sources to give them accurate information about food risks, whether they agreed with certain statements pertaining to food-related risks, how confident they were that they could avoid certain health risks, and whether they thought public authorities in the EU were doing enough to protect them from these possible health risks. Finally, respondents provided the last time they heard from the media that food may be unsafe and how they reacted to this information. Demographic and other background information includes age, gender, nationality, marital status and parental relations, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other durable goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, Internet use, type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview.

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

Eurobarometer 73.5: Civil Justice, Development Aid, Africa and the European Union, and Food Risk, June 2010

Study Description

Full Title

Eurobarometer 73.5: Civil Justice, Development Aid, Africa and the European Union, and Food Risk, June 2010

Identification Number

ZA5235

Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Antonis PAPACOSTAS (Head of Eurobarometer unit) European Commission, Directorate General Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector

Producer

Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
TNS Opinion & Social (original integrated data set and documentation) TNS
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (archive release data set and DDI documentation), http://www.gesis.org/ GESIS

Date of Production

2012-08-31

Place of Production

Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS

Version

Version 4.0.0 (2012-08-31), doi:10.4232/1.11432

Date: 2012-08-31

Type: GESIS archive edition

Version Responsibility Statement

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Bibliographic Citation

European Commission:
Eurobarometer 73.5 (2010). TNS Opinion & Social, Brussels [Producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5235 data file version 4.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.11432.

Topic Classification

  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • Patterns of Consumption
  • Medicine
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation

Geographic Coverage

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden

Universe

In all, Eurobarometer 73.5 interviewed 26.691 citizens in the 27 countries of the European Union after the 2004/2007 enlargement. All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-nationals but EU-citizens, and aged 15 and over. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany.

Time Method

Austria:
2010-06-10 - 2010-06-28

Belgium:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-30

Bulgaria:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-21

Cyprus (Republic):
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-27

Czech Republic:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-25

Denmark:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-28

Estonia:
2010-06-12 - 2010-06-28

Finland:
2010-06-09 - 2010-06-27

France:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-28

Germany:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-30

Great Britain:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-27

Greece:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-26

Hungary:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-27

Ireland (Republic):
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-27

Italy:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-29

Latvia:
2010-06-10 - 2010-06-28

Lithuania:
2010-06-12 - 2010-06-27

Luxembourg:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-28

Malta:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-25

Netherlands:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-29

Northern Ireland:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-28

Poland:
2010-06-12 - 2010-06-28

Portugal:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-27

Romania:
2010-06-11 - 2010-06-22

Slovakia:
2010-06-12 - 2010-06-27

Slovenia:
2010-06-10 - 2010-06-27

Spain:
2010-06-13 - 2010-06-28

Sweden:
2010-06-10 - 2010-06-29

Data Collector

From June 9 to 30, 2010, the TNS Opinion & Social, a consortium created between TNS plc and TNS opinion, carried out the fieldwork for this Eurobarometer, at the request of the European Commission, Directorate General Press and Communication, Opinion Polls.
http://europa.eu.int/comm/public_opinion/index_en.htm
TNS Opinion & Social is based at Avenue Herrmann Debroux, 40, 1160 Brussels, Belgium.
http://www.tns-opinion.com/
TNS Opinion & Social coordinates the fieldwork carried out through its network of national institutes:
Austria: Österreichisches GALLUP-Institut, Vienna
Belgium: TNS Dimarso, Brussels
Bulgaria: TNS BBSS, Sofia
Cyprus (Republic): Synovate, Nikosia
Czech Republic: TNS AISA, Prague
Denmark: TNS Gallup DK, Copenhagen
Estonia: Emor, Tallinn
Finland: TNS GALLUP OY, Espoo
France: TNS Sofres, Montrouge
Germany: TNS Infratest, Munich
Great Britain and Northern Ireland: TNS UK, London
Greece: TNS ICAP, Athens
Hungary: TNS Hungary, Budapest
Ireland: TNS MRBI, Dublin
Italy: TNS Infratest, Milano
Latvia: TNS Latvia, Riga
Lithuania: TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius
Luxembourg: TNS ILReS, Luxembourg
Malta: MISCO, Malta
Netherlands: TNS NIPO, Amsterdam
Poland: TNS OBOP, Warsaw
Portugal: TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon
Romania: TNS CSOP, Bucarest
Slovakia: TNS AISA SK, Bratislava
Slovenia: RM PLUS, Maribor
Spain: TNS Demoscopia, Madrid
Sweden: TNS GALLUP, Stockholm

Sampling Procedure

A multi-stage, random (probability) sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regionals units in every country (Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT NUTS 2 or equivalent). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of starting addresses was selected from each sampled PSU, at random. Further addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures as every Nth address from th initial address. In each household, a respondent was drawn, at random, following the closest birthday rule. No more than one interview was conducted in each household.

The regular sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1000 respondents per country, except the United Kingdom with separate samples for Great Britain (1000) and Northern Ireland (300), Germany with separate samples for the Eastern (500) and the Western part (1000), and Luxembourg, Cyprus (Republic), and Malta with 500 interviews each.

Effective number of realised interviews in this round: Belgium 1000, Denmark 1040, Germany-West 1003, Germany-East 543, Greece 1000, Spain 1006, Finland 1007, France 1003, Ireland 1008, Italy 1036, Luxembourg 500, Netherlands 1021, Austria 996, Portugal 1007, Sweden 1010, Great Britain 1017, Northern Ireland 301, Cyprus (Republic) 502, Czech Republik 1006, Estonia 1000, Hungary 1032, Latvia 1016, Lituania 1036, Malta 500, Poland 1000, Slovakia 1084, Slovenia 1003, Bulgaria 1001 Romania 1013.

Mode of Data Collection

In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by TNS Opinion Social. Interviews were conducted face-to-face in people´s home in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.

Equivalent French and English basic questionnaires were developed for this Eurobarometer. These questionnaires were translated into other languages by the firms responsible for interviewing in each country. Backtranslation procedures were applied for controlling semantic equivalence.

Weighting

In general the Standard and Special Eurobarometer data sets provide for two types of weighting, a post-stratification sample weighting and a population size weighting.
For each sample, i.e. participating country or lower level region, a comparison between the sample composition and a proper universe description is carried out for internal weighting purposes. The universe description is made available by the National Survey Research Institutes and/or by EUROSTAT. On this basis a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, is applied. As such in all countries, minimum sex, age, region NUTS II (basic regions as defined by the EUROSTAT nomenclature of territorial units for statistics), and size of locality are introduced in the iteration procedure. This post-stratification weighting is also referred to as redressement or non-response weighting. A design weight which would adjust for unequal selection probabilities (depending on the household size) is not made available.

For the descriptive analysis of individual samples or their comparison, up to six weighting variables are provided in each data set and documented as such in the variable description. Until Eurobarometer 31 the corresponding weight variable is labelled NATION WEIGHT II. Weighting factors were then not included continuously for all samples and weighting procedure might have differed from the foregoing description. While weighting usually reproduces the real number of cases for each sample, between Eurobarometer 33 and 54.1 samples can also be adjusted to their predefined standard size of exactly 1000 or 500 cases. This option was applied for the official Eurobarometer reports of the period.

The population size weighting factor corrects for the fact that most samples are of almost identical size, no matter how large or small the populations are from which they were drawn. These weights ensure that each country as well as each lower level sample (Great Britain and Northern Ireland, East and West Germany) are represented in proportion to its population size within different groupings, or according to the historical states of European unification (e.g. founder members, new members, Euro zone) in the case of the EUROPEAN WEIGHTS, or for the United Kingdom (WEIGHT SPECIAL UNITED KINGDOM, NATION WEIGHT I until Eurobarometer 31A) and for Germany as a whole (WEIGHT SPECIAL GERMANY).

The population size weights all include the post-stratification weighting factors. The EUROPEAN WEIGHTs adjust each sample in proportion to its share in the total population of the European Union (formerly European Community), aged 15 and over. These adjustments are based on population figures published by EUROSTAT in the Regional Statistics Yearbook. In some cases more than 20 European weights are provided for use in analyses of the European Union population as a whole or in accordance with its historical compositions. Between Eurobarometer 33 and 54.1 adjustments to the predefined standard sample size is taken into account. In general all samples which do not belong to the respective group of samples under consideration are excluded from calculation.

The application of post-stratification weights is recommended for descriptive (univariate) analysis. Meaningful descriptive results for groups of countries or for countries with separate samples (United Kingdom and Germany) require population size weighting. Official Eurobarometer reports are always based on weighted data.

Starting with Eurobarometer 66.2 a new additional weight (WEIGHT EXTRA) is provided which extrapolates the actual universe (population aged 15 or more) for each country or sample. This weight variable integrates all other available weights, but does not reproduce the number of cases in the data set, but the respective actual population size.

The following weights are provided for Eurobarometer 73.5:

WEIGHT RESULT FROM TARGET (W1) reproduces the real number of cases for each country. British and Northern Irish as well as East and West German samples are weighted separately. This weight in its function corresponds to former NATION WEIGHT II (until EUROBAROMETER 31).

WEIGHT SPECIAL GERMANY (W3) adjusts the East and the West German samples to their respective proportions in the united Germany. All other samples are excluded. This weight should be used whenever the united Germany is to be analyzed as a whole.

WEIGHT SPECIAL UNITED KINGDOM (W4) adjusts the British and the Northern Irish samples to their respective proportions in the United Kingdom and should be used whenever the United Kingdom is to be analyzed as a whole. All other samples are excluded from analysis. This weight in its function partly corresponds to former NATION WEIGHT I (until EUROBAROMETER 31).

WEIGHT EU27 (W22) includes all 25 member countries after the 2004 enlargement, and the new members as of 2007 Romania and Bulgaria; WEIGHT EU NMS 12 (W24) refers to the group of the twelve new members as of 2004/2007, all other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT ACCESSION COUNTRIES AC2: BG RO (W18) refers to the former Accession Countries Bulgaria and Romania as a group. All other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT EU25 (W14) refers to the EU member countries as of the 2004 enlargement; WEIGHT EU NMS 10 (W13) to the group of the ten new members at times. In both cases all other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT EU15 (W11) refers to the EU members after the 1995 enlargement. All other samples are excluded from calculation. WEIGHT EU NMS 3 (W10) separates the three new members at times.

WEIGHT EU12 (W8) excludes Austria, Sweden and Finland from the EU15 group; unlike EU12, WEIGHT EU12+ (W9) includes East Germany; WEIGHT EU10 (W7) in addition excludes Spain and Portugal (enlargement 1986); WEIGHT EU9 (W6) in addition excludes Greece (enlargement 1981).

WEIGHT EU6 (W5) refers to the six EC founder members: France, Belgium, Netherlands, West Germany, Italy, and Luxembourg. All other samples are excluded from calculation.

WEIGHT SPECIAL EURO ZONE 16 (W81) separates the 16 countries which introduced the EURO as of 01/01/2002 (Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Finland and Greece) 01/01/2007 (Slovenia), 01/01/2008 (Cyprus, Malta) and 01/01/2009 (Slovakia).

WEIGHT SPECIAL NON-EURO ZONE 16 (W82) refers to the rest of the EU member countries which so far did not introduce the common currency, grouped as a whole.

WEIGHT EXTRA (WEX) extrapolates the actual universe (population aged 15 or more) for each country (sample), i.e. this weight variable integrates all other available weights, but does not reproduce the number of cases in the data set.

For general information see: http://www.gesis.org/eurobarometer/survey-series/standard-special-eb/weighting-overview/

Availability Status

A

Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials

Questionnaires

Basic Questionnaire (English & French)
ZA5235_bq.pdf

Austria
ZA5235_q_at.pdf

Belgium (Flemish)
ZA5235_q_be-nl.pdf

Belgium (French)
ZA5235_q_be-fr.pdf

Bulgaria
ZA5235_q_bg.pdf

Cyprus
ZA5235_q_cy.pdf

Czech Republic
ZA5235_q_cz.pdf

Denmark
ZA5235_q_dk.pdf

Estonia (Estonian)
ZA5235_q_ee-ee.pdf

Estonia (Russian)
ZA5235_q_ee-ru.pdf

Finland (Finnish)
ZA5235_q_fi-fi.pdf

Finland (Swedish)
ZA5235_q_fi-se.pdf

France
ZA5235_q_fr.pdf

Germany
ZA5235_q_de.pdf

Greece
ZA5235_q_gr.pdf

Hungary
ZA5235_q_hu.pdf

Ireland
ZA5235_q_ie.pdf

Italy
ZA5235_q_it.pdf

Latvia (Latvian)
ZA5235_q_lv-lv.pdf

Latvia (Russian)
ZA5235_q_lv-ru.pdf

Lithuania
ZA5235_q_lt.pdf

Luxembourg (French)
ZA5235_q_lu-fr.pdf

Luxembourg (German)
ZA5235_q_lu-de.pdf

Luxembourg (Luxembourgish)
ZA5235_q_lu-lu.pdf

Malta (English)
ZA5235_q_mt-en.pdf

Malta (Maltese)
ZA5235_q_mt-mt.pdf

Netherlands
ZA5235_q_nl.pdf

Poland
ZA5235_q_pl.pdf

Portugal
ZA5235_q_pt.pdf

Romania
ZA5235_q_ro.pdf

Slovakia
ZA5235_q_sk.pdf

Slowenia
ZA5235_q_si.pdf

Spain (Catalan)
ZA5235_q_es-ca.pdf

Spain (Spanish)
ZA5235_q_es-es.pdf

Sweden
ZA5235_q_se.pdf

United Kingdom
ZA5235_q_gb.pdf

Datasets

STATA
ZA5235_v4-0-0.dta

SPSS Portable
ZA5235_v4-0-0.por

SPSS
ZA5235_v4-0-0.sav

ZA5235_cdb.pdf
(Codebook)

Related Publications

Related Publications

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 352 / Wave 73.5: Europeans, development aid and the Millennium Development Goals. Survey requested by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Development and Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific States and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication ("Research and Speechwriting" Unit), Brussels, September 2010.

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 351 / Wave 73.5: Civil Justice. Survey requested by the Directorate-General for Justice (DG JUST) and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication ("Research and Speechwriting" Unit), Brussels, October 2010.

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 350 / Wave 73.5: The European Social Fund. Survey requested by the Directorate-General for "Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities" and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication ("Research and Speechwriting" Unit), Brussels, November 2010.

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 353 / Wave 73.5: The EU and Africa: Working towards closer partnership. Survey requested by the Directorate-General for "Development and Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific States" and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication ("Research and Speechwriting" Unit), Brussels, November 2010.

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 354 / Wave 73.5: Food-related risks. Survey requested by the "European Food Safety Authority", Brussels, November 2010.

TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 349 / Wave 73.5: Social Climate. Survey requested by European Commission Directorate-General Employment and coordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM "Research and Speechwriting" Unit). Brussels, October 2011.

Other References Note

Archive Study ID

GESIS ZA5235

Archive Study ID

ICPSR 34084

Usage Requirement

To provide funding agencies with essential information about use of archival resources and to facilitate the exchange of information about related research activities, users of the data are requested to send to ICPSR or GESIS respectively bibliographic citations for each completed manuscript or thesis abstract. Please indicate in a cover letter which data (surveys and respective variables) were used.
Please send your citations to: meinhard(dot)moschner(at)gesis(dot)org.

Disclaimer

The original collector of the data, ICPSR, GESIS, and the relevant funding agencies bear no responsibility for uses of this collection or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.

Data Preparation

The data received by GESIS from TNS Opinion & Social were checked for completeness, missing and duplicate records, for illegal (wild) codes and for (formal) consistency of response patterns and question routing. Errors discovered by these procedures are documented or corrected, as a general rule after consulting related additional documentation (e.g. tabular reports) or the data provider. Indices and other derived summary variables were also checked and corrected as necessary. Complete machine-readable DDI-XML compliant documentation was created for this dataset by GESIS.

GESIS added ´Inappropriate´ (INAP) codes to indicate intentionally skipped questions when it could be determined that the appropriate skip instruction in the original questionnaire was adhered to for (almost) every respondent. An additional INAP category was defined whenever a question or group of questions were not surveyed in one or more countries, or if variables refer to country specific items (e.g. regions).

Users should note that answers to multiple-response questions are (originally) represented by a series of binary ´dummy´ variables (i.e. variables which take on values of one and zero only), creating separate ´dummy´ variables also to explicitly represent ´Don´t know´, ´No answer/refusal´ or other residual responses, such as ´None of the above´. The archive has recoded these residual responses in the case of uncommon minor inconsistencies with respect to and in favour of the series of substantial answers.

GESIS has recoded the missing answers (NA) represented in the original data set by blanks (system missing) to standard values. Their practically complete absence suggests that eventual cases of any not explicitly coded item non-response, might be collapsed with the DK (don´t know) category.

Question text and contingency text appearing in the variable description is taken from English language version of the basic (bilingual) questionnaire (master questionnaire). Coding schemes and other documentation are based on the English language version of the basic questionnaire or on the respective SPSS data definition statements as provided by TNS Opinion & Social. In case of any discrepancy between questionnaires, SPSS definitions and data regarding the coding scheme of a variable, the archive, as a general rule, carried out any correction in agreement with the data provider.

If the documentation for country-specific questions or answer categories is provided in another languages than English, the archive documents the original language wording and supplies the English translation in brackets.

No data are made available for question QC22. The question wording is considered to be too complicated.

Further specific information on data preparation, harmonization or regarding inconsistencies is noted on variable level.

Series Name

The Eurobarometer (a.k.a. Euro-Barometer) Survey Series

Series Information

The Standard and Special Eurobarometer surveys are the products of a unique program of cross-national and cross-temporal survey research. The effort began in early 1970, when the Commission of the European Communities sponsored simultaneous surveys of the publics of the European Community. In general they are carried out in spring and fall of each year. Three pilot studies were conducted in 1970, 1971 and 1973 under the header of European Communities Studies; "Attitudes towards Europe" (GESIS id ZA0078), the very first comparative survey across European Communities founder members in 1962, can be seen as an early forerunner. The primary data of the first explicit Eurobarometer, conducted in spring 1974, have not been preserved.

Principal investigators and institutional background

The Eurobarometer program was initially launched and managed until 1986 by Jacques-René Rabier, head of the Commission´s Press and Information Directorate and afterwards special advisor to the Commission of the European Communities. He counted with the political support of the European Parliament and the close co-operation of Ronald Inglehart. The political scientist at the University of Michigan was then developing his theory of value change in modern societies and his materialist/post-materialist items would become integral part of the Eurobarometer until the mid nineties. Between 1987 and 1996 the program was continued and considerably enlarged under the direction of Karlheinz Reif, since 1993 together with Anna Melich.

Anna Melich took over the Eurobarometer direction from 1997 to 1999, by then still within the organizational framework of the former Directorate-General X, Public Opinion Surveys and Research Unit. In 2000/2002 Eurobarometer were intermittently conducted in the framework of the DG Education and Culture, Citizens´ Centre - Analysis of Public Opinion under the direction of Harald Hartung, and starting with Eurobarometer 54 under DG Press and Communication, initially directed by Thomas Christensen. Since 1999 the organisation and supervision of the surveys were consecutively executed by Rubén Mohedano-Brèthes (until 2002) and Renaud Soufflot de Magny (until 2006), with Antonis Papcostas as head of unit between 2003 and 2010.

The main survey results are regularly published on the European Commission's Public Opinion website in official standard and special topic reports.

Development of geographical and population coverage

In all European Union (formerly European Communities) member countries Standard Eurobarometer samples were initially drawn among the national population, aged 15 and over. Starting with Eurobarometer 41.1 the target population is the population of any nationality of an European Union member country, aged 15 years and over, resident in any of the Member States. For test purposes Eurobarometer 41.0 included a non-national European Union citizens oversample.

Eurobarometer regularly include all member countries, starting with the six founder members and in accordance with the enlargement process. Norway has been in-officially included in selected waves between 1989 (EB34) and 1996 (EB46), Finland started before the actual enlargement in 1993 (EB39.0), and a few Swiss Eurobarometer were run in parallel to selected waves or topics, starting in 1999 (EB51.1). Candidate Countries (CC) and Accession Countries (AC) for the Eastern enlargement process were first surveyed in the Candidate Countries Eurobarometer series (2001-2004) and then all included in the standard series, even before accession as in the cases of Turkey or Macedonia.

Additional samples are drawn for Great Britain and Northern Ireland almost from the start, in Germany (East and West) after the re-unification in 1989, and in Cyprus for the Turkish Cypriote Community (Northern Cyprus) since 2004 for selected standard and topical waves.

The regular standard sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) in Eurobarometer surveys is 1000 respondents per country, except small countries like Luxembourg or Malta. The 44.2bis MEGA-survey increased the standard sample up to 6000 respondents (for the largest countries) in order to achieve more confidence for analysis on sub-national level.

Oversamples have been drawn intermittently if required by the topic, i.e. to ensure that there are enough members of the relevant population subgroup to report sufficiently reliable estimates. Intentionally more people are selected from the respective group than would typically be done if everyone in the sample had an equal chance of being selected.

Standard question program and special topics

Standard Eurobarometer surveys were designed to provide a regular monitoring of the social and political attitudes among the European publics, to obtain regular readings of support for European integration, public awareness of and attitudes toward European unification, the institutions of the European Community / European Union, and its policies in complementary fashion. Attitudes toward the organization and role of the European Parliament and electoral behavior became a major topic in pre- and post- European Elections times. The standard program was complemented by measures of general socio-political orientations, of subjective satisfaction and the perceived quality of life, or of cultural, national and European identities.

Intermittently Standard Eurobarometer have investigated SPECIAL TOPICS, such as agriculture, biotechnology, energy, environment, family planning, gender roles, health related issues, immigration, poverty and social exclusion, regional identity, science and technology, information society, working conditions, urban traffic, knowledge of languages etc. In the case of some supplementary studies, special youth and elderly samples have been drawn.

Starting with Eurobarometer 34 (1990) additional supplementary surveys on special issues have been conducted under each main wave number, identified by dot-separated sub-numbers for each individual survey. Usually only one survey per main wave includes the standard and trend module with focus on European integration issues.

Further and regularly updated information on the Eurobarometer survey series, including access to the original field questionaires in all language versions, is available through the World Wide Web at the GESIS URL:

http://www.gesis.org/eurobarometer

Data Files Description

File Name

ZA5235-4.NSDstat

Overall Case Count

26691

Overall Variable Count

502

Type of File

Nesstar 200801

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