Dataset: Eurobarometer 7 (Apr-May 1977) Science and Technology in the European Community


Euro-barometer 7 was conducted by Jacques-Rene Rabier, special adviser to the Commission of the European Communities, and by Ronald Inglehart of the University of Michigan. This study is part of an ongoing program of public opinion research sponsored by the European Community. The fieldwork was carried out by a consortium of European polling organizations in all nine nations of the European Community. Respondents for Eurobarometer 7 were interviewed in April/May, 1977.

This study focuses on the role of science in modern life, and on political priorities in public support for science. It also continues the series of items on feelings toward European integration that had been asked in earlier Eurobarometers. The questions on the European parliament were expanded to include reactions to the elections proposed for June, 1978, expectations concerning the campaign and the future role of the European Parliament, and projected voting preference in the European election.

The personal data section of the interview obtained information about the education, occupation, marital status, age and sex of the respondent. This section also ascertained the occupation of the head of the household and composition of the household

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

Eurobarometer 7 (Apr-May 1977) Science and Technology in the European Community

Study Description

Full Title

Eurobarometer 7 (Apr-May 1977) Science and Technology in the European Community


Euro-Barometer 7

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Jacques-Rene Rabier The Commision of the European Communities
Ronald Inglehart Center for Political Studies The University of Michigan


Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (archive release data set and DDI documentation), GESIS
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (initial archive version) ICPSR

Date of Production


Place of Production

Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS


Version 1.0.1 (2012-07-01), doi:10.4232/1.10861

Date: 2012-07-01

Type: GESIS archive edition

Version Responsibility Statement

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Bibliographic Citation

Commission of the European Communities (2012):
Eurobarometer 7 (1977). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA0991 Data file Version 1.0.1, doi:10.4232/1.10861.

Topic Classification

  • International Institutions, Relations
  • Technology
  • University, Research, the Sciences
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior

Geographic Coverage

  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland


The Eurobarometer sample was designed to be representative of the population in the twelve member countries of the European Community, of the respective nationality and aged fifteen and over.

Time Method

1977-04-19 - 1977-04-30

1977-04-30 - 1977-05-08

1977-04-25 - 1977-05-09

1977-04-25 - 1977-05-10

Great Britain:
1977-04-23 - 1977-05-12

Ireland (Republic):
1977-05-04 - 1977-05-12

1977-04-30 - 1977-05-09

1977-04-28 - 1977-05-15

1977-05-02 - 1977-05-14

Northern Ireland:
1977-04-23 - 1977-05-12

Data Collector

Each national survey was conducted by a professional polling agency.
Belgium: Dimarso-Inra, Brussels
Denmark: Gallup Markedsanalyse, Copenhagen
France: Institut Francais D'opinion Publique (Ifop), Paris
Germany: Emnid-Institut Fuer Markt- Und Meinungsforschung, Bielefeld
Great Britain: The Gallup Poll, London
Ireland (and Northern Ireland): Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin
Italy: Istituto Per Le Ricerche Statistiche E L'analisi Dell'opinione Pubblica (Doxa), Milan
Luxembourg: Dimarso-Inra, Brussels
The Netherlands: Nederlands Instituut Voor De Publieke Opinie En Het Marktonderzoek B.V. (Nipo), Amsterdam

Sampling Procedure

The sampling designs were either multi-stage national probability samples or national stratified quota samples.

1) National probability samples were drawn in Belgium, Denmark, and the Netherlands. These samples rely on complete listings of the national population, fifteen years and older, from which respondents are randomly chosen (in several stages).

2) Stratified national quota samples were drawn in France, Germany, Great Britain (including Northern Ireland), Italy, Ireland, and Luxembourg. Taking into account region and the size of localities, respondents are chosen within selected sampling points to provide a regionally representative sample with respect to the criteria sex, age, and occupation.

In the French sample the rural population was underrepresented. In order to produce a sample more representative of the total French population, 165 French rural cases have been duplicated (each appears twice) in this dataset. Their original identification numbers have been retained. A still more precise weighting of the French data can be obtained by using the French Weight variable (v6). The samples in all other countries are unaffected by the application of the French Weight.

Mode of Data Collection

Interviewing and sampling were conducted by various research firms operating in the e.e.c. countries. All interviews were carried out face-to-face in people´s homes in the respective national languages.


Apart from the French Weight variable described in the section on sampling information, this study also contains a weight variable (v5) which produces a representative sample of the European Community as a whole when used in analysis. This weight variable adjusts the size of each national sample, weighting each nation in terms of its contribution to the total population of the community. This weight variable is not necessary if the analyst is only interested in the individual national samples, and not the community as a whole. The French Weight variable is also included in the European Weight variable, so that use of both weight variables simultaneously is unnecessary.

The unweighted n for the combined 9-nation file is 9056, the weighted n of this file is 9071.01. All respondents were given weight values to two implied decimal places.

Availability Status


Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials



Belgium (Flemish)

Belgium (French)




Great Britain





Northern Ireland



SPSS Portable



Related Publications

Related Publications

Commission of the European Communities, Euro-Barometer 7 (Brussels: Commission of the European Communities, July, 1977).

Ronald Inglehart, The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Styles Among Western Publics. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977).

Ronald Inglehart and Jacques-Rene Rabier, "Economic Uncertainty and European Solidarity: Public Opinion Trends," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Nov., 1978, Vol. 440, Pp. 66-97.

Other References Note

Archive Study ID

ZA 0991

Archive Study ID

ICPSR 7612


Copyright 1980,
Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung, Cologne, Germany.


Copyright 1980,
The University of Michigan, all rights reserved. Copyright restrictions do not apply to member institutions of the ICPSR. All or part of this codebook may be reproduced for use at member institutions with appropriate citation to the principal investigators and the ICPSR.

Usage Requirement

In order to provide funding agencies with essential information about the use of archival resources, and to facilitate the exchange of information about ICPSR participants´ research activities, each user of the ICPSR data facilities is expected to send two copies of each completed manuscript or thesis abstract to the consortium. Please indicate in the cover letter which data were used.


Neither the original collectors of the data nor the consortium bears any responsibility for the analyses or interpretations presented here

Data Preparation

The data received by the archive were first sorted and checked for missing or duplicate cards. Duplicate cards, if any, were verified and the duplicates were removed. Missing cards were replaced by missing data values. The data were then checked for illegal (wild) codes and inconsistencies which, whenever found, were assigned to missing data values. The codebook was reordered to preserve the order of the British questionnaire. (Minor variations in the question order do appear in other national questionnaires.) Indices were included as created by the original investigators.

Series Name

The Standard Eurobarometer (a.k.a. Euro-Barometer) Survey Series

Series Information

The surveys documented in this codebook are the fruit of a unique program of cross-national and cross-temporal social science research. This effort began in early 1970, when the Commission of the European Communities sponsored simultaneous surveys of the publics of the six nations that were then members of the European Community. These surveys were designed to measure public awareness of, and attitudes toward, the Common Market and other European Community institutions; in complementary fashion, they also probed into the goals given top priority for one´s own nation. These concerns have remained a central part of the European Community´s research efforts--which were carried forward with another six-nation survey in the summer of 1971 that gave special attention to agricultural problems. These themes were of central interest again in a survey of the publics of the European Community countries--now nine in number--carried out in September 1973. At this point the surveys took on a somewhat broader scope in content as well as in geographical coverage, with measures of subjective satisfaction and the perceived quality of life becoming a standard feature of the European Community Public Opinion Surveys.

In 1974, the Commission of the European Communities launched the Eurobarometer series of surveys, designed to provide a regular monitoring of the social and political attitudes of the publics of the nine member-nations, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland and Luxembourg. Carried out in the spring and fall of each year, a total of twelve Eurobarometers had been completed by the end of 1979. In addition to obtaining regular readings of support for European integration and the perceived quality of life, given Eurobarometers have explored a variety of special topics. Thus Eurobarometer 3 (carried out in the spring of 1975) probed into public attitudes toward the role of women in economic, social and political life. Barometer 4 carried a supplementary section on consumer attitudes. Barometer 5 included an investigation of mass perceptions of and attitudes toward poverty and toward multinational corporations. Barometer 6 contained an expanded series of questions concerning the Common Market, in connection with the fact that it was then entering its twentieth year of existence. Barometer 7 was complemented with an exploration of public attitudes toward science and technology, while Eurobarometer 8, carried out in the fall of 1977, inquired about attitudes toward early retirement, as well as a further exploration of attitudes toward the role of women. Barometer 9 included a section on employment and attitudes toward unemployment andB 11 focused on themes related to child-rearing and the family.

In addition, attitudes toward the organization and role of the European Parliament have been explored in each Eurobarometer beginning with number 7 in the spring of 1977. Eurobarometers 9 and 10 took up the question of whether Europeans approve of the direct election of the European Parliament, while Barometer 11 sampled reactions to the campaign. Attitudes toward expansion of the European Community have also been probed.

This entire series of public opinion surveys has been carried out under the direction of Jacques-Rene Rabier, special advisor to the Commission of the European Communities; Ronald Inglehart of the University of Michigan collaborated with him in the design and analysis of the surveys, and in helping make the resulting data available to the Social Science Community through the ICPSR survey data archive. The Eurobarometer series alone now contains 108 national surveys coordinated across both time and space. Key questions in this data collection have been asked in comparable form across nine nations at given time points, and across a period of nearly ten years in given countries. It is hoped that these data will provide a valuable resource to empirically-oriented social scientists.

Respondents for Barometer 7 were interviewed in April 1977. The principal investigators wish to acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation, grant number SOC-7914619, for the cleaning, processing and documentation of the study.

Further and regularly updated information on the Eurobarometer survey series, including access to the original field questionnaires in all language versions, is available through the World Wide Web at the Zentralarchiv URL:

Data Files Description

File Name


Overall Case Count


Overall Variable Count


Type of File

Nesstar 200801


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