Dataset: CSES Module 1 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (1996-2001)

Abstract

The module was administered as a post-election interview.
The resulting data are provided along with voting, demographic, district and macro variables in a single dataset.

CSES Variable List

The list of variables is being provided on the CSES Website to help in understanding what content is available from CSES, and to compare the content available in each module.


Themes:

MICRO-LEVEL DATA:

Identification and study administration variables:

weighting factors;
election type;
date of election 1st and 2nd round;
study timing (post election study, pre-election and post-election study, between rounds of majoritarian election);
mode of interview;
gender of interviewer;
date questionnaire administered;
primary electoral district of respondent;
number of days the interview was conducted after the election

Demography:

age;
gender;
education;
marital status;
union membership;
union membership of others in household;
current employment status;
main occupation;
employment type - public or private;
industrial sector;
occupation of chief wage earner and of spouse;
household income;
number of persons in household;
number of children in household under the age of 18;
attendance at religious services;
religiosity;
religious denomination;
language usually spoken at home;
race;
ethnicity;
region of residence;
rural or urban residence

Survey variables:

respondent cast a ballot at the current and the previous election;
respondent cast candidate preference vote at the previous election;
satisfaction with the democratic process in the country;
last election was conducted fairly;
form of questionnaire (long or short);
party identification;
intensity of party identification;
political parties care what people think;
political parties are necessary;
recall of candidates from the last election (name, gender and party);
number of candidates correctly named;
sympathy scale for selected parties and political leaders;
assessment of the state of the economy in the country;
assessment of economic development in the country;
degree of improvement or deterioration of economy;
politicians know what people think;
contact with a member of parliament or congress during the past twelve months;
attitude towards selected statements: it makes a difference who is in power and who people vote for; people express their political opinion;
self-assessment on a left-right-scale;
assessment of parties and political leaders on a left-right-scale;
political information items


DISTRICT-LEVEL DATA:

number of seats contested in electoral district;
number of candidates;
number of party lists;
percent vote of different parties;
official voter turnout in electoral district


MACRO-LEVEL DATA:

founding year of parties;
ideological families of parties;
international organization the parties belong to;
left-right position of parties assigned by experts;
election outcomes by parties in current (lower house/upper house) legislative election;
percent of seats in lower house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election;
percent of seats in upper house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election;
percent of votes received by presidential candidate of parties in current elections;
electoral turnout;
electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign;
existing electoral alliances;
most salient factors in the election;
head of state (regime type);
if multiple rounds: selection of head of state;
direct election of head of state and process of direct election;
threshold for first-round victory;
procedure for candidate selection at final round;
simple majority or absolute majority for 2nd round victory;
year of presidential election (before or after this legislative election);
process if indirect election of head of state;
head of government (president or prime minister);
selection of prime minister;
number of elected legislative chambers;
for lower and upper houses was coded:
number of electoral segments;
number of primary districts;
number of seats;
district magnitude (number of members elected from each district);
number of secondary and tertiary electoral districts;
compulsory voting;
votes cast;
voting procedure;
electoral formula;
party threshold;
parties can run joint lists;
requirements for joint party lists;
possibility of apparentement;
types of apparentement agreements;
multi-party endorsements;
multi-party endorsements on ballot;
ally party support;
constitutional prerogatives of the head of state;
constitutional powers of prime minister;
methods of cabinet dismissal;
dissolution of legislature

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

CSES Module 1 Full Release

Subtitle

Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (1996-2001)

Study Description

Full Title

CSES Module 1 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (1996-2001)

Identification Number

ZA5179

Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Rotman, David CPSR (Center of Sociological and Political Research), Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus
McAllister, Ian Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Levitskaya, Irina CPSR (Center of Sociological and Political Research), Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus
Veremeeva, Natalia CPSR (Center of Sociological and Political Research), Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus
Billiet, Jaak Department of Sociology, University of Leuven, Belgium
Frognier, André-Paul Catholic University of Louvain, Lovain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Blais, André Département de Science Politique, Université de Montréal, Canada
Gidengil, Elisabeth Department of Political Science, McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Nevitte, Neil Department of Political Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Nadeau, Richard Département de Science Politique, Université de Montréal, Canada
Lagos, Marta Latinobarómetro, Opinión Pública Latinoamericana, Chile
Tóka, Gábor Political Science Department, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary (for Czech Republic)
Andersen, Jørgen G. Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark
Schmitt, Hermann Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany
Weßels, Bernhard Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Germany
Curtice, John Department of Government, University of Strathclyde, Scotland
Heath, Anthony Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, England
Norris, Pippa John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States (for United Kingdom)
Jowell, Roger National Centre for Social Research, London, England
Pang-kwong, Li Research and Survey Programme and Department of Politics and Sociology, Lingnan University, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong
Tóka, Gábor Political Science Department, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary
Hardarson, Ólafur T. Faculty of Social Science, University of Iceland, Iceland
Arian, Asher Department of Political Science, University of Haifa, Israel
Shamir, Michal Department of Political Science, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Nishizawa, Yoshitaka Political Science Department, Doshisha University Imadegawa Karasuma, Japan
Lee, Nam-Young Department of Political Science and International Relations, Sookmyung Women's University, Korea
Alisauskiene, Rasa Baltic Surveys, Vilnius, Lithuania
Liubsiene, Elena Baltic Surveys, Vilnius, Lithuania
Beltrán, Ulises División de Estudios Políticos, CIDE (Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economica), Mexico
Nacif Hernández, Benito CIDE (Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economica), Mexico
Aimer, Peter Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Aarts, Kees School of Business, Public Administration and Technology, University of Twente, The Netherlands
Karp, Jeffrey A. Department of Political Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands (for New Zealand)
Banducci, Susan Department of Political Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands (for New Zealand)
Vowles, Jack Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Aardal, Bernt The Norwegian Election Studies, Institute for Social Research, Norway
Valen, Henry The Norwegian Election Studies, Institute for Social Research, Norway
Romero, Catalina Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú
Jasiewicz, Krzysztof Department of Sociology, Washington and Lee University, United States, and Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland (for Polish survey)
Markowski, Radoslaw Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Barreto, Antonio ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)
Freire, Andre ISCTE, Higher Institute for Labour and Business Studies and ICS-UL, Social Sciences Research Institute, University of Lisbon, Portugal (for survey in 2002)
Badescu, Gabriel Faculty of Political and Administrative Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Romania
Sum, Paul Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of North Dakota, United States (for Romanian survey)
Colton, Timothy Department of Government, Harvard University, United States (for Russian survey)
Kozyreva, Polina Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences, Russia
Stebe, Janez CJMMK (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre), Faculty of Social Science, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Tos, Niko University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Díez Nicolás, Juan ASEP (Analisis Sociológicos Económicos y Políticos), Madrid, Spain
Holmberg, Sören Statsvetenskapliga Institutionen, Department of Political Science, Göteborg University, Sweden
Hardmeier, Sibylle IPZ (Institut für Politikwissenschaft Zürich), Universität Zürich, Switzerland
Selb, Peter IPZ (Institut für Politikwissenschaft Zürich), Universität Zürich, Switzerland
Chu, Yun-Han Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Albritton, Robert B. Department of Political Science The University of Mississippi, United States (for Thailand)
Bureekul, Thawilwadee The King Prajadhipok's Institute, Civil Service Training Institute Building, Thailand
American National Election Studies (ANES), Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States
Balakireva, Olga Ukrainian Institute for Social Research, Kiev, Ukraine
Sapiro, Virginia Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, United States
Shively, W. Phillips Department of Political Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States

Producer

Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (full release, 2015-12-15), http://www.cses.org CSES
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (distribution version, 3.0.0 (2015-12-15) and DDI documentation), http://www.gesis.org/ GESIS

Date of Production

2015-12-15

Place of Production

Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS

Version

GESIS Distribution Version 3.0.0 (2015-12-15), doi:10.7804/cses.module1.2015-12-15

Date: 2015-12-15

Type: CSES full release

Version Responsibility Statement

CSES (full release); GESIS (distribution version and DDI)

Bibliographic Citation

The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2015):
CSES Module 1 Full Release. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5179 Data file Version 3.0.0, doi:10.7804/cses.module1.2015-12-15.

Topic Classification

  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Mass political behaviour, attitudes / opinion
  • Elections

Geographic Coverage

  • Australia
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Korea, Republic of
  • Lithuania
  • Mexico
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan, Province of China
  • Thailand
  • Ukraine
  • United States

Universe

The universe differs across countries. In most countries it includes eligible voters or residents aged 18 or older.

Time Method

Thailand (pre/post):
2001

Australia:
1996-03-02 - 1996-06-24

Belarus:
2001-09-24 - 2001-10-06

Belgium-Flanders:
1999-09 - 2000-01

Belgium-Walloon:
1999-09 - 2000-01

Canada :
1997-06-03 - 1997-08-03

Czech Republic (pre/post):
1996-06-10 - 1996-06-18

Denmark:
1998-04-06 - 1998-06-16

Germany:
1998-09-28 - 1998-10-17

Great Britain:
1997-05-01 - 1997-07-29

Hong Kong (post 1):
1998-06-01 - 1998-08-31

Hong Kong (post 2):
2000-09-17 - 2001-01-31

Hungary (between rounds of majoritarian election):
1998-03-24 - 1998-05-21

Iceland:
1999-05-24 - 1999-06-23

Israel:
1996-07-13 - 1996-08-07

Japan (pre/post):
1996-10-22 - 1996-11-03

Korea:
2000-05-12 - 2000-05-23

Lithuania:
1998-01-13 - 1998-01-20

Mexico:
1997-07-14 - 1997-07-29

Mexico:
2000-07-15 - 2000-07-20

Netherlands (pre/post):
1998-05-11 - 1998-07-04

New Zealand:
1996-10-13 - 1996-12-24

Norway:
1997-09-16 - 1997-11-30

Peru (between rounds of majoritarian election):
2001-04-21 - 2001-04-23

Peru (post):
2000-05-05 - 2000-05-08

Poland:
1997-09-29 - 1997-10-06

Portugal :
2002-03-23 - 2002-04-08

Romania:
1996-11-26 - 1996-12-03

Russian Federation (pre/post):
1999-12-25 - 2000-01-31

Russian Federation (pre/post):
2000-04-09 - 2000-06-10

Slovenia:
1997-10-04 - 1997-11-07

Spain (post):
1996-03-11 - 1996-03-16

Spain (post):
2000-03-13 - 2000-03-20

Sweden:
1998-09-11 - 1998-11-21

Switzerland:
1999-10-25 - 1999-11-17

Taiwan :
1996-06 - 1996-09

Ukraine:
1998-04-01 - 1998-04-16

United States (pre/post):
1996-09-03 - 1997-01-02

Chile (between rounds of majoritarian election):
1999-01

Data Collector

Australia: Australian Social Science Data Archives, Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University;
Belarus: Center of Sociological and Political Research (CSPR), Belarus State University, Minsk;
Belgium-Flanders: Institute of Social and Political Opinion Research (ISPO), K.U.Leuvain, Belgium, & Point d'appui Interuniversitaire sur l'Opinion Publique et la Politique (PIOP), U.C.Louvain;
Belgium-Walloon: Catholic University of Louven, Belgium;
Canada: Institute for Social Research at York University, Toronto;
Chile: information not available;
Czech Republic: STEM - Centre for Empirical Research, Prague;
Denmark: ACNielsen AIM Danmark, Hellerup;
Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aarhus Universitet, Denmark;
Germany: forsa Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, Dortmund/Berlin;
Great Britain: Social and Community Planning Research, London;
Hong Kong: Lingnan University, Tuen Mun;
Hungary: Median Public Opinion and Market Research Institute, Budapest;
Iceland: information not available;
Israel: Mahshov Survey Research Institute;
Japan: information not available;
Korea: e-Trend;
Lithuania: Gallup/Baltic Surveys, Vilnius;
Mexico: Berúmen y Asociados and Consulta, S.A (1997), Ulises Beltrán Ugart (2000);
The Netherlands: Instituut vor Toegepaste Sociale Wetenschappen, Nijmegen;
New Zealand: information not available;
Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo;
Peru: Instituto de Opinión Pública de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, San Miguel and Datum Internation;
Poland: Centrum Badania Opinii Spolecznej (CBOS), Warsaw;
Portugal: Metris-GfK, Lisboa (for survey in 2002);
Romania: Laboratory of Empirical Political Analysis, Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration;
Russia: Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Slovenia: CJMMK - Center za raziskovanje javnega mnenja in mnozicnih komunikacij (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre) - Univerza v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana), Fakulteta za druzbene vede (Faculty of Social Sciences), Ljubljana;
Spain: ASEP (Analisis Sociológicos Económicos y Políticos), Madrid;
Sweden: Statistics Sweden, Stockholm and Örebro;
Switzerland: LINK Institut für Markt- und Sozialforschung, Lucerne;
Taiwan: National Taiwan University;
Thailand: information not available;
Ukraine: SOCIS;
United States: Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Sampling Procedure

Sampling procedures differ across countries. In most cases multistage stratified cluster sampling or stratified systematic random sampling was used. Detailed information on sampling for most countries is available in the codebook.

Mode of Data Collection

Individual level:
Modes of data collection differ across countries. A standardized questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews or as fixed form self-administered questionnaire.

District level:
Aggregation of official electoral statistics.

Country level:
Expert survey using fixed form self-administered questionnaire.

Availability Status

0

Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials

Codebooks

Introduction
ZA5179_cdb_1_introduction.pdf

Variables
ZA5179_cdb_2_variables.pdf

Appendices
ZA5179_cdb_3_appendices.pdf

Questionnaires

Design
ZA5179_q_design.pdf

Macro
ZA5179_q_macro.pdf

Micro
ZA5179_q_micro.pdf

Datasets

CSV
ZA5179_v3-0-0_csv.zip

R
ZA5179_v3-0-0_r.zip

SAS
ZA5179_v3-0-0_sas.zip

SPSS syntax
ZA5179_v3-0-0_syntax.zip

SPSS
ZA5179_v3-0-0_spss.zip

Stata
ZA5179_v3-0-0_stata.zip

Other References Note

Further Remarks

Information on funding
These materials are based on work supported by the American National Science Foundation (www.nsf.gov) under grant SES-0112029, the University of Michigan, and the many organizations that fund election studies by CSES collaborators.

Disclaimer
Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding organizations.

Further country-specific documentation
Field questionnaires, macro reports, and design reports are provided for download on the website
CSES Module 1 Election Study Archive

Data Files Description

File Name

ZA5179-3.0.NSDstat

Overall Case Count

62409

Overall Variable Count

304

Type of File

Nesstar 200801

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