Dataset: CSES Module 2 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2001-2006)

Abstract

The module was administered as a post-election interview.
The resulting data are provided along with voting, demographic, district and macro variables in a single dataset.

CSES Variable List

The list of variables is being provided on the CSES Website to help in understanding what content is available from CSES, and to compare the content available in each module.


Themes:

MICRO-LEVEL DATA:

Identification and study administration variables:

mode of interview;
gender of interviewer;
date questionnaire administered;
election type;
weighting factors;
if multiple rounds:
percent of vote selected parties received in first round;
selection of head of state;
direct election of head of state and process of direct election;
threshold for first-round victory;
selection of candidates for the final round;
simple majority or absolute majority for 2nd round victory;
primary electoral district of respondent;
number of days the interview was conducted after the election

Demography:

age;
gender;
education;
marital status;
union membership;
union membership of others in household;
business association membership, farmers' association membership;
professional association membership;
current employment status;
main occupation;
socio economic status;
employment type - public or private;
industrial sector;
current employment status, occupation, socio economic status, employment type - public or private and industrial sector of spouse;
household income;
number of persons in household;
number of children in household under the age of 18;
attendance at religious services;
race;
ethnicity;
religiosity;
religious denomination;
language usually spoken at home;
region of residence;
rural or urban residence

Survey variables:

political participation during the recent election campaign (persuade others, campaign activities) and frequency of political participation;
contacted by candidate or party during the campaign;
respondent cast a ballot at the current and the previous election;
vote choice (presidential, lower house and upper house elections) at the current and the previous election;
respondent cast candidate preference vote at the current election;
most important issue;
evaluation of governments performance concerning the most important issue and in general;
satisfaction with the democratic process in the country;
attitude towards selected statements:
it makes a difference who is in power and who people vote for;
democracy is better than any other form of government;
respondent cast candidate preference vote at the previous election;
judgement of the performance of the party the respondent voted for in the previous election;
judgement how well voters' views are represented in elections;
party and leader that represent respondent's view best;
form of questionnaire (long or short);
party identification;
intensity of party identification;
sympathy scale for selected parties;
assessment of parties and political leaders on a left-right-scale;
political participation during the last 5 years: contacted a politician or government, protest or demonstration, work with others who share the same concern;
respect for individual freedom and human rights;
assessment how much corruption is widespread in the country;
self-placement on a left-right-scale;
political information items


DISTRICT-LEVEL DATA:

number of seats contested in electoral district,
number of candidates,
number of party lists,
percent vote of different parties,
official voter turnout in electoral district


MACRO-LEVEL DATA:

percent of popular vote received by parties in current (lower house/upper house) legislative election;
percent of seats in lower house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election;
percentage of official voter turnout;
number of portfolios held by each party in cabinet, prior to and after the most recent election;
year of party foundation;
ideological family the parties are closest to;
European parliament political group and international organization the parties belong to;
significant parties not represented before and after the election;
left-right position of parties;
general concensus on these left-right placements among informed observers in the country;
alternative dimension placements;
consensus on the alternative dimension placements;
most salient factors in the election;
consensus on the salience ranking;
electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign;
name of alliance and participant parties;
number of elected legislative chambers;
for lower house and upper house was asked:
number of electoral segments;
number of primary districts;
number of seats;
district magnitude (number of members elected from each district);
number of secondary and tertiary electoral districts;
compulsory voting;
votes cast;
voting procedure;
transferrable votes;
cumulated votes if more than one can be cast;
party threshold;
used electoral formula;
party lists close, open, or flexible;
parties can run joint lists;
possibility of apparentement;
multi-party endorsements;
ally party support;
requirements for joint party lists;
types of apparentement agreements;
multi-party endorsements on ballot;
head of state (regime type);
year of presidential election (before or after this legislative election);
process if indirect election;
if by electoral college: selection of electors, deliberates, and voting procedure;
if by legislature: chambers of the legislature, voting procedure;
power of the head of state (introduce legislation, expedited action, package veto, partial veto, legislate by decree, emergency powers, negotiate agreements, commander of forces, introduce referenda, refer legislation to judiciary, legislative sessions);
head of government (elected independently, is the head of state, selection method if not elected independently);
authorities of the head of government concerning the composition of the cabinet (name ministers, nominate ministers, review ministerial nominations, dismiss ministers);
authorities of the head of government concerning the policy making process (chair cabinet meetings, legislature schedules, policy alternatives, refers policy to committee, votes of confidence);
methods of cabinet dismissal (head of state acting alone, by head of government alone, majority of legislature, plurality of legislature, combination);
dissolution of legislature prior to regularly scheduled elections;
dissolution of legislature by: head of state, head of government, majority of legislature, combination;
restrictions on dissolving legislature (on the timing, as a response to action/inaction by the legislature);
second chamber of the legislature (method of election, composition, exclusive legislative powers, power over the cabinet);
constitutional federal structure;
central power over periphery

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

CSES Module 2 Full Release

Subtitle

Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2001-2006)

Study Description

Full Title

CSES Module 2 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2001-2006)

Identification Number

ZA5180

Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Ilirjani, Altin Albanian Political Science Association / University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States (for Albanian survey)
Bean, Clive School of Humanities and Human Services, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Gibson, Rachel K. ACSPRI Centre for Social Research (ACSR), Research School of Social Science, The Australian National University, Australia
McAllister, Ian Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University, Australia
De Winter, Lieven University of Louvain La Neuve, Belgium
Billiet, Jaak University of Leuven, Belgium
Frognier, Andre-Paul University of Louvain La Neuve, Belgium
Swyngedouw, Marc University of Leuven, Belgium
de Almeida, Alberto C. UFF-Universidade Federal Fluminense and FGV-Fundação Getúlio Vargas, Brasil
Meneguello, Rachel Unicamp - Cesop, Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz", Brasil
Popova, Radosveta TNS-BBSS, Gallup International, Bulgaria
Blais, André Département de science politique, Université de Montréal, Canada
Everitt, Joanna Saint John, Department of History and Politics, University of New Brunswick, Canada
Fournier, Patrick Département de Science Politique, Université de Montréal, Canada
Gidengil, Elisabeth Department of Political Science, McGill University, Canada
Nevitte, Neil Department of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada
Lagos, Marta Latinobarómetro, Opinión Pública Latinoamericana, Chile
Linek, Lukas Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
Mansfeldova, Zdenka Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
Seidlova, Adela CVVM, Czech Republic
Andersen, Jørgen G. Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark
Rathlev, Jakob Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark
Paloheimo, Heikki Department of Political Science, University of Tampere, Finland
Pehkonen, Juhani TNS Gallup, Finland
Gschwend, Thomas Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany (for French survey)
Schmitt, Hermann Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany (for French survey)
Schmitt, Hermann Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany (for German telephone survey)
Weßels, Bernhard Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Germany (for telephone survey)
Rattinger, Hans Universität Bamberg, Germany (for mail-back survey)
Gabriel, Oscar Universität Stuttgart, Germany (for mail-back survey)
Curtice, John Department of Government, University of Strathclyde, Scotland
Fisher, Steve Trinity College and Department of Sociology, Oxford, United Kingdom
Thomson, Katarina National Centre for Social Research, London, United Kingdom
Pang-kwong, Li Public Governance Programme and Department of Politics and Sociology, Lingnan University, Hong Kong
Tóka, Gábor Central European University, Budapest, Hungary
Hardarson, Ólafur T. University of Iceland, Iceland
Marsh, Michael Department of Political Science, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
Arian, Asher Political Science, University of Haifa, Israel
Shamir, Michal Political Science, Tel-Aviv University, Israel
Schadee, Hans Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy
Segatti, Paolo Dipartimento di Studi Sociali e Politici, Università di Milano, Italy
Hirano, Hiroshi Gakushuin University, Japan
Ikeda, Ken'ichi The University of Tokyo, Japan
Kobayashi, Yoshiaki Keio University, Japan
Kim, Hyung J. Korean Social Science Data Center, Korea
Kim, Wook Department of Political Science, Paichai University, Korea
Lee, Nam Y. Department of Political Science, Sookmyung Women's University, Korea
Isaev, Kusein Center for Sociological, Politological, Social-Psychological Research, Bishkek Humanities University, Kyrgyzstan
Beltrán Ugarte, Ulises CIDE and BGC, México
Nacif, Benito CIDE, México
Ocampo Alcantar, Rolando México
Pérez, Olivia México
Irwin, Galen A. Leiden University, Department of Political Science, The Netherlands
van Holsteyn, Joop J.M. Leiden University, Department of Political Science, The Netherlands
Vowles, Jack The Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Aardal, Bernt Institute for Social Research, Norway
Valen, Henry Institute for Social Research, Norway
Romero, Catalina Social Sciences Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú
Sulmont, David Social Sciences Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú
Guerrero, Linda Luz B. Social Weather Stations, Philippines
Licudine, Vladymir J. Social Weather Stations, Philippines
Sandoval, Gerardo Social Weather Stations, Philippines
Jasiewicz, Krzysztof Department of Sociology, Washington and Lee University and Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, United States/Poland (for Polish survey)
Markowski, Radoslaw Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Barreto, Antonio ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)
Freire, Andre ISCTE, Higher Institute for Labour and Business Studies and ICS-UL, Social Sciences Research Institute, University of Lisbon, Portugal (for survey in 2002)
Lobo, Marina C. ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)
Magalhães, Pedro ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais and Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)
Barreto, António Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)
Freire, André Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e de Empresa, Libsoa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)
Lobo, Marina C. Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)
Magalhães, Pedro Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa/Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)
Badescu, Gabriel The Center for the Study of Democracy, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania
Gheorghita, Andrei The Center for the Study of Democracy, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania
Sum, Paul Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of North Dakota, United States (for Romanian survey)
Colton, Timothy Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Harvard University, United States (for Russian survey)
Hale, Henry Department of Political Science, George Washington University, United States (for Russian survey)
Kozyreva, Polina JSC "Demoscope", Russia
McFaul, Michael Hoover Institution, Stanford University, United States (for Russian survey)
Stebe, Janez Arhiv druzboslovnih podatkov (ADP), Faculty of Social Science - University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Tos, Niko Faculty of Social Science - University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Díez Nicolás, Juan ASEP / Complutense University, Spain
Holmberg, Sören Statsvetenskapliga Institutionen, Department of Political Science, Göteborg University, Sweden
Oscarsson, Henrik Statsvetenskapliga Institutionen, Department of Political Science, Göteborg University, Sweden
Selb, Peter Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Zürich, Switzerland
Huang, Chi Department of Political Science, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan (for survey in 2001)
Huang, Chi Department of Political Science, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan (for survey in 2004)
Hawang, Shiow-Duan Department of Political Science, Soochow University, Taiwan (for survey in 2004)
American National Election Studies (ANES)
Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, United States
Burns, Nancy Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, United States
Dalton, Russell Department of Political Science, University of California, Irvine, United States
Kinder, Donald R. Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, United States
Shively, W. Phillips Department of Political Science, University of Minnesota, United States

Producer

Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (full release, 2015-12-15), http://www.cses.org CSES
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (distribution version, 6.0.0 (2015-12-15) and DDI documentation), http://www.gesis.org/ GESIS

Date of Production

2015-12-15

Place of Production

Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS

Version

GESIS Distribution Version 6.0.0 (2015-12-15), doi:10.7804/cses.module2.2015-12-15

Date: 2015-12-15

Type: CSES full release

Version Responsibility Statement

CSES (full release); GESIS (distribution version and DDI)

Bibliographic Citation

The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2015):
CSES Module 2 Full Release. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5180 Data file Version 6.0.0, doi:10.7804/cses.module2.2015-12-15.

Topic Classification

  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Mass political behaviour, attitudes / opinion
  • Elections

Geographic Coverage

  • Albania
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Korea, Republic of
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Mexico
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan, Province of China
  • United States

Universe

The universe differs across countries. In most countries it includes eligible voters or residents aged 18 or older.

Time Method

New Zealand:
2002

Albania:
2005-07-05 - 2005-07-20

Australia:
2004-10-08 - 2005-02-15

Belgium:
2003-12-15 - 2004-04-30

Brazil:
2002-10-31 - 2002-12-28

Bulgaria:
2001-07-05 - 2001-07-15

Canada :
2004-05-23 - 2004-11

Chile:
2006-01-01 - 2006-01-08

Czech Republic:
2002-06-24 - 2002-07-01

Denmark:
2001-12-07 - 2002-03-14

Finland:
2003-03-17 - 2003-04-30

France:
2002-05-23 - 2002-05-24

Germany (mail back):
2002-08-05 - 2002-10-31

Germany (telephone):
2002-10-31 - 2002-11-12

Great Britain:
2005-06-20 - 2005-11-24

Hong Kong:
2004-10-05 - 2004-12-19

Hungary (between rounds):
2002-04-11 - 2002-04-19

Iceland:
2003-05-15 - 2003-06-29

Ireland:
2002-05-22 - 2002-11-29

Israel:
2003-02-02 - 2003-02-07

Italy:
2006-05-10 - 2006-05-16

Japan (pre/post):
2004-06-15 - 2004-07-26

Korea:
2004-04-15 - 2004-04-20

Kyrgistan:
2006-02 - 2006-03

Mexico:
2003-07-19 - 2003-07-26

Netherlands (pre/post):
2002-05-16 - 2002-06-27

Norway (pre/post):
2001-09-11 - 2002-01-31

Peru (between rounds):
2006-05-18 - 2006-05-21

Philippines:
2004-08-05 - 2004-08-22

Poland:
2001-09-29 - 2001-10-11

Portugal (post):
2002-03-23 - 2002-04-08

Portugal (post):
2005-03-05 - 2005-05-08

Romania:
2004-12-14 - 2005-01-07

Russian Federation:
2004-04-04 - 2004-05-11

Slovenia:
2005-03-17 - 2005-04-25

Spain:
2004-03-15 - 2004-03-21

Sweden:
2002-09-16 - 2002-10-31

Switzerland:
2003-10-20 - 2003-11-02

Taiwan (post):
2002-01 - 2002-04

Taiwan (post):
2004-06 - 2004-09

United States (pre/post):
2004-11-03 - 2004-12-20

Data Collector

Albania: Albanian Political Science Association, Tirana, and GLOBIC LLC, USA, Chapel Hill;
Australia: information not available;
Belgium: Institute of Social and Political Opinion Research (ISPO), K.U.Leuven, Belgium, & Point d'appui Interuniversitaire sur l'Opinion Publique et la Politique (PIOP), U.C.Louvain;
Brazil: Uff-Universidade Federal Fluminense, Icaraí;
Bulgaria: BBSS Gallup International, Sofia;
Canada: Hitachi Survey Research Centre at the University of Toronto, Institute for Social Research at York University, Toronto;
Chile: MORI, Santiago;
Czech Republic: CVVM (Centrum pro vyzkum verejneho mineni - Centre for public opinion polling), Prague;
Denmark: Gallup A/S (TNS Gallup Public: CAPI-interviews), Copenhagen;
Finland: TNS Gallup (Gallup Finland), Espoo;
France: Bruno Jeanbart CSA-TMO, Paris;
Germany: Infratest dimap (for telephone surey), Berlin;
Germany: University of Bamberg, Bamberg (for mail-back survey);
Great Britain: National Centre for Social Research, London;
Hong Kong: Public Governance Programme, Lingnan University, Lingnan;
Hungary: Median Public Opinion and Market Research Institute Ltd., Budapest;
Iceland: Social Science Research Institute of the University of Iceland, Reykjavik;
Ireland: Economic & Social Research Institute, Dublin;
Israel: Mahshov Survey Research Institute;
Italy: IPSOS, Milan;
Japan: CRS (Central Research Service: Chuou Chosa Co.) Tokyo;
Korea: Korean Social Science Data Center (KSDC), Seoul;
Kyrgistan: information not available;
Mexico: Consulta, S.A.;
The Netherlands: TNS NIPO, Amsterdam;
New Zealand: information not available;
Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo;
Peru: Instituto de Opinión Pública de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, San Miguel;
Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City;
Poland: Public Opinion Research Center (CBOS), Warsaw;
Portugal: Metris-GfK (an established commercial polling firm), Lisboa (for survey in 2002);
Portugal: CESOP-UCP (Centro de Estudos e Sondagens de Opinião da Universidade Católica Portuguesa), Lisboa (for survey in 2005);
Romania: The Center for the Study of Democracy, Babes-Bolyai- University, Cluj-Napoca;
Russia: Demoscope Independent Research Center, Moscow;
Slovenia: CJMMK - Center za raziskovanje javnega mnenja in mnozicnih komunikacij [Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre] - Univerza v Ljubljani [University of Ljubljana], Fakulteta za druzbene vede [Faculty of Social Sciences], Ljubljana;
Spain: ASEP, Madrid;
Sweden: Statistics Sweden, Stockholm and Örebro;
Switzerland: LINK Institut für Markt- und Sozialforschung, Lucerne;
Taiwan: The Committee of the Taiwan's Election and Democratization Study, Taipei (for survey in 2001);
Taiwan: The Committee of the Taiwan's Election and Democratization Study, Taipei (for survey in 2004);
United States: Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor;

Sampling Procedure

Sampling procedures differ across countries. In most cases multistage stratified cluster sampling or stratified systematic random sampling was used.
Detailed information on sampling for most countries is available in the codebook.

Mode of Data Collection

Individual level:
Modes of data collection differ across countries. A standardized questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews or as fixed form self-administered questionnaire.

District level:
Aggregation of official electoral statistics.

Country level:
Expert survey using fixed form self-administered questionnaire.

Availability Status

0

Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials

Codebooks

Introduction
ZA5180_cdb_1_introduction.pdf

Variables
ZA5180_cdb_2_variables.pdf

Appendices
ZA5180_cdb_3_appendices.pdf

Questionnaires

Design
ZA5180_q_design.pdf

Macro
ZA5180_q_macro.pdf

Micro
ZA5180_q_micro.pdf

Datasets

CSV
ZA5180_v6-0-0_csv.zip

R
ZA5180_v6-0-0_r.zip

SAS
ZA5180_v6-0-0_sas.zip

SPSS syntax
ZA5180_v6-0-0_syntax.zip

SPSS
ZA5180_v6-0-0_spss.zip

Stata
ZA5180_v6-0-0_stata.zip

Other References Note

Further Remarks

Information on funders
These materials are based on work supported by the American National Science Foundation (www.nsf.gov) under grants SES-0112029 and SES-0451598, the University of Michigan, and the many organizations that fund election studies by CSES collaborators.

Disclaimer
Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding organizations.

Further country-specific documentation
Field questionnaires, macro reports, and design reports are provided for download on the website
CSES Module 2 Election Study Archive

Data Files Description

File Name

ZA5180-6.0.NSDstat

Overall Case Count

64256

Overall Variable Count

434

Type of File

Nesstar 200801

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