Dataset: CSES Module 3 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2006-2011)


The module was administered as a post-election interview.
The resulting data are provided along with voting, demographic, district and macro variables in a single dataset.

CSES Variable List

The list of variables is being provided on the CSES Website to help in understanding what content is available from CSES, and to compare the content available in each module.



Identification and study administration variables:

weighting factors;
election type;
date of election 1st and 2nd round;
study timing (post election study, pre-election and post-election study, between rounds of majoritarian election);
mode of interview;
gender of interviewer;
date questionnaire administered;
primary electoral district of respondent;
number of days the interview was conducted after the election


marital status;
union membership;
union membership of others in household;
business association membership, farmers' association membership;
professional association membership;
current employment status;
main occupation;
socio economic status;
employment type - public or private;
industrial sector;
current employment status, occupation, socio economic status, employment type - public or private, and industrial sector of spouse;
household income;
number of persons in household;
number of children in household under the age of 18;
attendance at religious services;
religious denomination;
language usually spoken at home;
region of residence;
rural or urban residence

Survey variables:

most important issues of election;
candidates competencies to deal with most important issues;
difference who is in power and who people vote for;
evaluation of governments performance;
party and leader that represent respondent's view best;
sympathy scale for selected parties and political leaders;
assessment of parties and political leaders on a left-right-scale;
self-assessment on a left-right-scale;
differences of choice options;
campaign involvement;
satisfaction with democracy;
party identification;
intensity of party identification;
respondent cast a ballot at the current and the previous election;
vote choice (presidential, lower house and upper house elections) at the current and the previous election;
respondent cast candidate preference vote at the current and the previous election;
political information items


number of seats contested in electoral district;
number of candidates;
number of party lists;
percent vote of different parties;
official voter turnout in electoral district


election outcomes by parties in current (lower house/upper house) legislative election;
percent of seats in lower house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election;
percent of seats in upper house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election;
percent of votes received by presidential candidate of parties in current elections;
electoral turnout;
party of the president and the prime minister before and after the election;
number of portfolios held by each party in cabinet, prior to and after the most recent election;
size of the cabinet after the most recent election;
number of parties participating in election;
ideological families of parties;
left-right position of parties assigned by experts and alternative dimensions;
most salient factors in the election;
fairness of the election;
formal complaints against national level results;
election irregularities reported;
scheduled and held date of election;
irregularities of election date;
extent of election violence and post election violence;
geographic concentration of violence;
post-election protest;
electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign;
existing electoral alliances;
requirements for joint party lists;
possibility of apparentement and types of apparentement agreements;
multi-party endorsements on ballot;
votes cast;
voting procedure;
voting rounds;
party lists close, open, or flexible;
transferable votes;
cumulated votes if more than one can be cast;
compulsory voting;
party threshold;
unit for the threshold;
freedom house rating;
democracy-autocracy polity IV rating;
age of the current regime;
regime: type of executive;
number of months since last lower house and last presidential election;
electoral formula for presidential elections;
electoral formula in all electoral tiers (majoritarian, proportional or mixed);
for lower and upper houses was coded:
number of electoral segments;
linked electoral segments;
dependent formulae in mixed systems;
subtypes of mixed electoral systems;
district magnitude (number of members elected from each district);
number of secondary and tertiary electoral districts;
fused vote;
size of the lower house;
GDP growth (annual percent);
GDP per capita;
inflation, GDP Deflator (annual percent);
human development index;
total population;
total unemployment;
constitutional federal structure;
number of legislative chambers;
electoral results data available;
effective number of electoral and parliamentary parties

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

CSES Module 3 Full Release


Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2006-2011)

Study Description

Full Title

CSES Module 3 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2006-2011)

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Bean, Clive Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Gibson, Rachel University of Manchester, United Kingdom (for Australian survey)
McAllister, Ian The Australian National University, Australia
Plasser, Fritz University of Innsbruck, Austria
Lengauer, Günther University of Innsbruck, Austria
Kritzinger, Sylvia Universität Wien, Austria
Müller, Wolfgang C. Universität Wien, Austria
Rotman, David Belarussian State University, Belarus
McAllister, Ian The Australian National University, Australia (for Belarussian survey)
White, Stephen University of Glasgow, Scotland (for Belarussian survey)
Meneguello, Rachel University of Campinas, Brazil (for survey in 2006 and 2010)
Young, Clifford IPSOS-Opinion Brasil, Brazil (for survey in 2006)
Melo de Almeida, Alberto Carlos IPSOS-Opinion Brasil, Brazil (for survey in 2006)
Meneguello, Rachel University of Campinas, Brazil (for survey in 2006)
Maia, Marta Vox Populi, Brazil (for survey in 2010)
Gidengil, Elisabeth McGill University, Canada
Fournier, Patrick Université de Montréal, Canada
Everitt, Joanna University of New Brunswick (Saint John), Canada
Nevitte, Neil University of Toronto, Canada
Lagos, Marta MORI Chile SA, Chile
Zakosek, Nenad University of Zagreb, Croatia
Cular, Goran University of Zagreb, Croatia
Linek, Lukás Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
Andersen, Jørgen G. Aalborg University, Denmark
Stubager, Rune Aarhus University, Denmark
Møller Hansen, Kasper University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Ehin, Piret University of Tartu, Estonia
Solvak, Mihkel University of Tartu, Estonia
Paloheimo, Heikki University of Tampere, Finland (for survey in 2007)
Karvonen, Lauri Åbo Akademi University, Finland (for survey in 2007)
Borg, Sami University of Tampere, Finland (for survey in 2011)
Grönlund, Kimmo Åbo Akademi University, Finland (for survey in 2011)
Sauger, Nicolas Sciences Po, France
Weßels, Bernhard Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Germany (for survey in 2005 and 2009)
Schmitt, Hermann Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Germany (for survey in 2005)
Rattinger, Hans Universität Mannheim, Germany (for survey in 2009)
Roßteutscher, Sigrid Universität Frankfurt, Germany (for survey in 2009)
Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger Universität Mannheim, Germany (for survey in 2009)
Andreadis, Ioannis Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Chadjipadelis, Theodore Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Teperoglou, Eftichia Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Pang-kwong, Li Lingnan University, Hong Kong
Hardarson, Olafur T. University of Iceland, Iceland
Önnudóttir, Eva H. Bifrost University, Iceland
Þórðarson, Einar M. University of Iceland
Marsh, Michael Trinity College Dublin (TCD), Ireland
Sinnott, Richard University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland
Shamir, Michal Tel Aviv University, Israel
Arian, Asher The Israel Democracy Institute, Israel
Ikeda, Ken'ichi The University of Tokyo, Japan
Yamada, Masahiro Kwansei-Gakuin University, Japan
Nishizawa, Yoshitaka Doshisha University, Japan
Inamasu, Kazunori The University of Tokyo, Japan
Ikstens, Janis University of Latvia, Latvia
Beltrán Ugarte, Ulises División de Estudios Políticos (CIDE), Mexico
Aarts, Kees University of Twente, The Netherlands
Kolk, Henk van der University of Twente, The Netherlands
Vowles, Jack University of Exeter, United Kingdom (for New Zealand survey)
Aardal, Bernt Institute for Social Research, Norway
Sulmont, David Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Peru
Martínez, Vania Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Peru
Guerrero, Linda L. Social Weather Stations, Philippines
Licudine, Vladymir J. Social Weather Stations, Philippines
Markowski, Radoslaw Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Grzelak, Pawel Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Czesnik, Mikolaj Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Kotnarowski, Michal Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Barreto, António University of Lisbon, Portugal
Magalhães, Pedro University of Lisbon, Portugal
Costa Lobo, Marina University of Lisbon, Portugal
Comsa, Mircea Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Gheorghita, Andrei Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania
Stanus, Cristina Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Vieru, Coca Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Tufis, Claudiu D. Romanian Academy, Romania
Voicu, Bogdan Romanian Academy, Romania
Voicu, Ovidiu Soros Foundation Romania, Romania
Gyarfasova, Olga Institute for Public Affairs, Slovakia
Butorova, Zora Institute for Public Affairs, Slovakia
Krivy, Vladimír Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia
Tos, Niko CJMMK, Slovenia
Malnar, Brina CJMMK, Slovenia
Kurdija, Slavko CJMMK, Slovenia
Mattes, Robert University of Cape Town, South Africa
Schulz-Herzenberg, Collette University of Cape Town, South Africa
Lee, Nam Y. Sejong University, South Korea
Kim, Wook Paichai University, South Korea
Díez-Nicolás, Juan Complutense University and ASEP, Spain
Jaime-Castillo, Antonio M. University of Grenada, Spain
Holmberg, Sören University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Oscarsson, Henrik University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Lutz, Georg Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Huang, Chi National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Yu, Ching-hsin National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Bureekul, Thawilwadee King Prajadhipok's Institute, Thailand
Tangkananurak, Tharada King Prajadhipok's Institute, Thailand
Albritton, Robert B. University of Mississippi, United States (for Thai survey)
Carkoglu, Ali Koc University, Turkey
Kalaycioglu, Ersin Sabanci University, Turkey
Donakowski, Darrell University of Michigan, United States
Lupia, Arthur University of Michigan, United States
Krosnick, Jon Stanford University, United States
Bottinelli, Oscar Instituto Factum, Uruguay
Bottinelli, Eduardo Instituto Factum, Uruguay
Mateo, Nadia Instituto Factum, Uruguay


Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (full release, 2015-12-15), CSES
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (distribution version, 5.0.0 (2015-12-15) and DDI documentation), GESIS

Date of Production


Place of Production

Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS


GESIS Distribution Version 5.0.0 (2015-12-15), doi:10.7804/cses.module3.2015-12-15

Date: 2015-12-15

Type: CSES full release

Version Responsibility Statement

CSES (full release); GESIS (distribution version and DDI)

Bibliographic Citation

The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2015):
CSES Module 3 Full Release. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5181 Data file Version 5.0.0, doi:10.7804/cses.module3.2015-12-15 .

Topic Classification

  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Mass political behaviour, attitudes / opinion
  • Elections

Geographic Coverage

  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Belarus
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hong Kong
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Korea, Republic of
  • Latvia
  • Mexico
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan, Province of China
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • United States
  • Uruguay


The universe differs across countries. In most countries it includes eligible voters or residents aged 18 or older.

Time Method

2007-11-23 - 2008-03-14

2009-05-05 - 2009-07-02

2009-02-02 - 2009-02-24

Brazil (post):
2006-12-17 - 2006-12-27

Brazil (post):
2010-11-04 - 2010-11-20

Canada (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study):
2008-10-15 - 2008-12-23

2009-12-26 - 2010-01-07

2008-03-10 - 2008-04-03

Czech Republic:
2006-06-09 - 2006-06-21

Czech Republic:
2010-05-31 - 2010-06-18

2007-11-21 - 2008-06-12

2011-03-07 - 2011-03-25

Finland (post):
2007-03-20 - 2007-04-23

Finland (post):
2011-04-04 - 2011-05-28

2007-06-18 - 2007-07-07

Germany (post):
2005-09-21 - 2005-10-05

Germany (post):
2009-09-28 - 2009-11-23

2009-12-10 - 2009-12-18

Hong Kong:
2008-11-03 - 2008-11-30

Iceland (post):
2007-06-02 - 2007-08-22

Iceland (post):
2009-05-07 - 2009-08-31

2007-05-10 - 2007-11-02

2006-07-17 - 2006-07-28

2007-07-31 - 2007-08-13

2010-10-16 - 2010-11-07

Mexico (post):
2006-07-23 - 2006-08-02

Mexico (post):
2009-07-12 - 2009-07-23

Netherlands (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study):
2006-11-23 - 2007-01-04

Netherlands (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study):
2010-06-10 - 2010-07-22

New Zealand:
2008-11-10 - 2009-02-27

Norway (post):
2005-09-13 - 2005-12-20

Norway (post):
2009-09-15 - 2010-02-04

2011-04-30 - 2011-05-03

2010-06-25 - 2010-06-28

Poland (post):
2005-09-27 - 2005-10-08

Poland (post):
2007-11-08 - 2007-12-01

2009-10-01 - 2010-02-08

2009-12-07 - 2009-12-20

2010-06-18 - 2010-07-20

2008-03-17 - 2008-04-25

South Africa:
2009-10-02 - 2009-11-04

South Korea:
2008-04-10 - 2008-04-21

2008-04-11 - 2008-04-21

2006-09-18 - 2006-10-31

2007-10-22 - 2007-12-31

2008-06 - 2008-09

2008-01-09 - 2008-01-31

2011-07-21 - 2011-08-26

United States (Pre-Election and Post-Election Study):
2008-11-05 - 2008-12-21

2010-08-13 - 2010-08-31

Data Collector

Australia: The Australian Social Science Date Archives, The Australian National Univesity;
Austria: GfK-Austria, Wien;
Belarus: Centre for Social and Political Research at the Belarussian State University, Minsk;
Brazil: IPSOS-Opinion Brasil, Sao Paulo (2006) and Vox Opinião Pesquisa e Projetos (2010);
Canada: Institute for Social Research (Canada outside Quebec) at York University, Toronto, and Jolicoeur & Associés (Quebec), Montreal;
Chile: MORI Chile SA, Santiago;
Croatia: Puls, Split;
Czech Republic: CVVM (Center for public opinion research) at the Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague (2006 and 2010);
Denmark: TNS Gallup A/S;
Estonia: Saar Poll OÜ, Tallinn;
Finland: Taloustutkimus, Helsinki (2007 and 2011);
France: TNS SOFRES, Montrouge Cedex;
Germany: Infratest dimap, Berlin (2005) and BIK MARPLAN Intermedia, Offenbach (2009);
Greece: OPINION SA, Athens;
Hong Kong: Public Governance Programme, Lingnan University, Tuen Mun;
Iceland: Miðlun, Reykjavik (2007) and Research Center / Bifrost University, Borganes (2009);
Ireland: ESRI Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin;
Israel: Mahshov, Tel Aviv;
Japan: CRS Central Research Service: Chuou Chosa Co, Tokyo;
Latvia: TNS Latvia, Riga;
Mexico: CAMPO, S.C., Sta Cruz Atoyac (2006 and 2009);
The Netherlands: Statistics Netherlands, Heerlen (2006 and 2010);
New Zealand: Kinetic 121, Wellington;
Norway: STATISTICS NORWAY, Oslo (2005 and 2009);
Peru: Instituto de Opinión Pública de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, San Miguel - Lima;
Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City;
Poland: The Public Opinion Research Center (CBOS), Warsaw (2005), and PBS DGA, Sopot (2007);
Portugal: Motivação, Lisboa;
Romania: Gallup Organization Romania, Bucarest;
Slovakia: TNS Slovakia, Bratislava;
Slovenia: CJMMK, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences;
South Africa: Citizen Surveys, Woodstock;
South Korea: Korean Social Science Data Center, Seoul;
Spain: ASEP SA, Madrid;
Sweden: Statistics Sweden, Örebro;
Switzerland: LINK Institut, Luzern;
Taiwan: Election Study Center, National Chengchi University, Taipei City;
Thailand: King Prajadhipok's Institute, Nonthaburi;
Turkey: Infakto Research Workshop, Istanbul;
United States: RTI International, Durham;
Uruguay: Instituto Faktum

Sampling Procedure

Sampling procedures differ across countries. In most cases multistage stratified cluster sampling or stratified systematic random sampling was used. Detailed information on sampling for most countries is available in the codebook.

Mode of Data Collection

Individual level:
Modes of data collection differ across countries. A standardized questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews or as fixed form self-administered questionnaire.

District level:
Aggregation of official electoral statistics.

Country level:
Expert survey using fixed form self-administered questionnaire.

Availability Status


Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials













SPSS syntax



Other References Note

Further Remarks

Information on funders
These materials are based on work supported by the American National Science Foundation ( under grants SES-0451598, SES-0817701, and SES-1154687, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, the governments of several German Länder, the University of Michigan, in-kind support of participating election studies, the many organizations that sponsor planning meetings and conferences, and the many organizations that fund election studies by CSES collaborators.

Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding organizations.

Further country-specific documentation
Field questionnaires, macro reports, and design reports are provided for download on the website
CSES Module 3 Election Study Archive

Data Files Description

File Name


Overall Case Count


Overall Variable Count


Type of File

Nesstar 200801


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