Dataset: Election Study 1990 (Panel)


Judgement on parties, politicians and political issues in a four-wave panel study.
Political attitudes and judgement on the election campaign before and after the Federal Parliament Election 1990.

most important political problems in the Federal Republic;
interest in politics;
party prefence (Sunday question and ballot system, rank order procedure);
voting behavior in the last Federal Parliament Election;
sympathy scale for parties and leading politicians;
satisfaction with democracy;
attitude to an absolute majority of the SPD or CDU and to a grand coalition;
coalition preference;
judgement on the current economic situation and on future development in the Federal Republic and in Eastern Germany;
personal economic situation and future development;
issue-relevance and issue-competence of the parties or coalitions;
attitude to the 35-hour-week, to the support of emigrants and to the right to vote for foreigners;
self-classification and classification of the parties as well as of the chancellor candidates on a left-right continuum;
attitude to the unification of the two German States and preference for a quick unification;
expectation of short-term or long-term advantages or disadvantages for the West German populace due to reunification;
support for Kohl or Lafontaine in the question of reunification;
preference for federal chancellor;
comparison of the two chancellor candidates by means of a list of characteristics;
characteristics of an ideal chancellor candidate;
satisfaction with the government coalition as well as the individual parties;
point in time of voting decision;
preference for a government by a single party or a coalition;
satisfaction with the Federal Parliament Election result;
improvement of the election result with alternative chancellor candidates;
knowledge of election predictions and their influence on one´s voting decision; interest in opinion polls;
judgement on the Federal Parliament Election campaign;
neutrality of television in the election campaign;
parties given favored treatment on television;
personal participation in election meetings;
attitude to trade unions as well as to the catholic and protestant church;
expected winner of the Federal Parliament Election;
attitude to the entry of the Republicans or the PDS into the Federal Parliament;
concern about one´s job;
political discussions within the family and interest in news on television as well as in local and national daily newspapers;
interest in the political part of the daily newspaper and in election campaign topics;
interest in the election campaign;
reading habits;
most important news sources;
reading SPIEGEL and ZEIT;
state examination or diploma;
party inclination.

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

Election Study 1990 (Panel)

Study Description

Full Title

Election Study 1990 (Panel)

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Kaase, Max Universität Mannheim
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin
Küchler, Manfred Hunter College, New York
Pappi, Franz U. Universitäten Kiel und Mannheim
Semetko, Holli A. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor


Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (archive release data set and DDI documentation), GESIS

Date of Production


Place of Production

Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS


Version 2.0.0 (2013-03-14), doi:10.4232/1.11607

Date: 2013-03-14

Type: GESIS archive edition

Version Responsibility Statement

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Bibliographic Citation

Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim; Kaase, Max; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter; Küchler, Manfred; Pappi, Franz U.; Semetko, Holli A. (1991):
Election Study 1990 (Panel). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1919 Data file Version 2.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.11607.

Topic Classification

Political Attitudes and Behavior

Geographic Coverage



Eligible voters

Time Method

1989-11 - 1990-12
1st wave November 1989 to December 1989
2nd wave May to June 1990
3rd wave October to November 1990
4th wave December 1990

Data Collector

MARPLAN, Offenbach;
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim

Sampling Procedure

Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)

Mode of Data Collection

Oral interview with standardized questionnaire in the first three waves and telephone interview in the fourth wave.

Availability Status


Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials





SPSS Portable


Other References Note

Further Remarks

The data set contains a four-wave panel study including ZA Study Nos. 1915 to 1918.
In the first wave 2056 persons were interviewed;
in the second wave, 1678 persons (202 telephone interviews);
in the third wave, 1451 (101 telephone interviews);
and in the fourth wave (after the Federal Parliament Election), 907 respondents were interviewed by telephone.

The persons targeted in the first wave were selected by random, however, only those persons were interviewed, who agreed to participate in the following surveys. Thus, even the first wave cannot be called representative.

Representative surveys at the same period of time are archived under ZA Study Nos. 1920 (Politbarometer West for the year 1990); 1987 Politbarometer East for the second half of 1990), 1964 and 1965 (quick surveys before the Federal Parliament Election 1990 in West and East).

Data Files Description

File Name


Overall Case Count


Overall Variable Count


Type of File

Nesstar 200801


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