Dataset: Election Study 1994: Politbarometer East 1994 (Trend Investigations)


Cumulated data set of the Politbarometers for 1994. Judgement on parties and politicians before and after the Federal Parliament election. Attitude to current political questions.

the following topics were surveyed again identically at every time of survey: most important political problems in the Federal Republic; party preference (Sunday question, rank order procedure); party inclination and party identification; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; sympathy scale for the parties and selected politicians; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; perceived jeopardy to personal job as well as that of close persons; union membership; religiousness; telephone in residence. The following questions were posed in at least one or more survey months: absentee ballot or voting in the polling station; certainty and time of personal voting decision; attitude to a one-party government of CDU/CSU or SPD; satisfaction with the result of the Federal Parliament election; coalition preference; attitude to a statement of willingness to form a coalition by the SPD; attitude to a red-green minority government with toleration by the PDS; preference for one-party government and party preferred for this; assessment of the chances of the SPD with Schroeder as candidate as well as of the CDU without Kohl; sympathy scale for the coalition, state government as well as for the opposition; most important politicians in Germany; comparison of the two top politicians Scharping and Kohl regarding credibility, energy, sense of responsibility, social attitude, honesty, winner type, representation of interests regarding other nations, strength of leadership, better government team as well as ability in economic questions; satisfaction with democracy in Germany; necessity of new parties; the right people in leading positions; interest in politics; judgement on the general condition of society and comparison with other Western European countries; judgement on the voting decision of the citizens of the GDR to introduce political order from the West; attitude to socialism as an idea; perceived joy or concern from unification of the two German nations; general judgement on unification of Germany; fulfillment of personal expectations of unification; judgement on the economic situation in Eastern Germany and one's own economic situation; assessment of further economic development; expected recovery; judgement on the job of the trust-company; superior ability of the government or opposition in solving economic problems in the eastern part as well as in the western part of the country; significance of governing party for one's own economic situation; credibility of the election promises of the parties regarding tax reductions; ability of a Federal Government led by the CDU/CSU in comparison to the SPD in questions of protection of jobs, security policies, the fight against crime, environmental protection, the housing market and solving the asylum problem; satisfaction with achievement of equivalent living conditions in Eastern Germany as in Western Germany; satisfaction with the job of the Federal Government regarding achievement of equivalent standard of living in East and West; expected time period for achievement of equivalent living conditions in East and West and assessment of the extent of that achieved up to now; preference for wage increase or job security; expected retention of the high wage level in Germany with short working hours and long vacation; judgement on this year's wage negotiations with wage increases around 2% as well as expected wage increases in the following year; attitude to dual citizenship; preferred areas for government economy measures; attitude to the "large bugging operation" to combat organized crime; attitude to nursing care insurance and identification of the party that hindered a consensus; attitude to elimination of a holiday to finance nursing care insurance; attitude to general coming to terms with the STASI past in the GDR; comparison of the time before the turning point with the current situation regarding consideration for others, freedom, safety, the economic situation and the general situation; satisfaction with the job of the government; assessment of the SPD or a red-green coalition as better government; significance of the decisions of the municipal council, state parliament, Federal Parliament as well as the EC parliament; intent to participate in the election and party preference for the European Election; advantageousness of EC membership for the country; extent to which adequately informed about the EC; interest in European policies; attitude to increased significance of the European Parliament; responsibility with the Federal Government or the European Union regarding the fight against unemployment and crime as well as for economic development and foreign and security policies; fear of crime; preferred successor for Federal President Weizsaecker; judgement on the testimony of Prime Minister Stolpe before the investigating committee and demand for Stolpe's resignation; desire to become self-employed; perceived threat from Russia as well as from Zhirinovsky; attitude to deployment of Federal German Armed Forces in blue-helmet missions; attitude to participation by Germany in this peace initiative; attitude to military UN missions given violation of the safety zones; attitude to a time-limit on the solidarity tax; expected winner of the impending Federal Parliament election; significance of the second vote; assumed coalition preference of the SPD; credibility of the renewal of the PDS; desirability and chances of the PDS, FDP and Greens for the Federal Parliament; significance of the PDS as political power in the East; feared cautiousness of investors from a PDS success; judgement on the 5% clause; attitude to the exception for direct mandates in the 5% clause; expected chances of the CDU/CSU for a one-party government; evaluation of the parties' dealing with the PDS and coalition preferences; perception of the FDP as appendage of the CDU/CSU; attitude to a coalition of the Greens with the CDU; most important tasks of the government; preference for fee financing of the ARD {First German Television Network} and the ZDF {Second German Television Network} or for financing through advertising income; attitude to elimination of the church tax; attitude to controlled adminstering of drugs under medical supervision; attitude to elimination of the child allowance as of a certain income; attitude to longer business hours one evening a week; preference for more market economy or more social security; application for a telephone; expected date of installation; duration of possession of a telephone; retrospect on the last year and view on the future. Also encoded in every survey wave were: day of survey and administrative district.

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

Election Study 1994: Politbarometer East 1994 (Trend Investigations)

Study Description

Full Title

Election Study 1994: Politbarometer East 1994 (Trend Investigations)

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
M. Berger, M. Jung, D. Roth Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
in Zusammenarbeit mit: W.G. Gibowski, Bundespresseamt Bonn
M. Kaase Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin
H.-D. Klingemann Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin
M. Küchler Hunter College New York
F.U. Pappi Universität Mannheim
H.A. Semetko Syracuse University

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS

Bibliographic Citation

Information on bibliographic citation of research data and study related documents can be found here:

Topic Classification

Political Attitudes and Behavior


Research area: FRG (East); Saxony-Anhalt, Mecklenburg-West Pommerania,

Time Method

January 1994 to December 1994

Data Collector

Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim

Sampling Procedure

Thuringia, Saxony, Brandenburg, East Berlin. Sample of eligible voters living in private households with telephone according to the RLD procedure (randomize last digit)

Mode of Data Collection

Telephone survey with standardized questionnaire

Availability Status


Other References Note

Further Remarks

The monthly surveys have the extent of about 1000 respondents. In July no survey was conducted. Instead in October there were two so-called quick surveys shortly before as well as after the Federal Parliament election.

Data Files Description

File Name


Overall Case Count


Overall Variable Count


Type of File

Nesstar 200801


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