Dataset: Pre-Election Study 1994 (Trend Investigations)


Please note: The datasets and documentation as presented here are currently outdated.
Updates to the study documentation are underway and will be published shortly.
For any analyses, please make shure to use the current datafiles from our data catalogue (see link above).

Judgement on parties and politicians. Political questions. European Union. Media usage in view of the Federal Parliament election. Election advertising and election campaign. Topics: The following questions were posed in at least one -- often however in several surveys -- of the 13 studies cumulated into this data set: city size; most important political problems in Germany; party preference (Sunday question); intent to participate in the election; absentee ballot; preferred candidate and preferred party; certainty of one's voting decision; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; point in time and possible re-orientation in the voting decision for the Federal Parliament election 1990; interest in election of the Statt {instead of} Party in the Federal Parliament election; attitude to a one-party government by CDU/CSU or SPD; perceived jeopardy to recovery from an SPD-Greens government; coalition preferences; attitude to a statement of willingness to form a coalition by the FDP as well as by the SPD before the next Federal Parliament election; attitude to an SPD-Greens minority government in the Federal Parliament with the help of the PDS; sympathy scale for the parties, the CDU/CSU-FDP Federal Government, the parties part of the government, the opposition and top politicians; preference for federal chancellor; perceived harm for the country in the case of chancellorship of Scharping as well as Kohl; effects of the Kohl statement, not to run for office in the next Federal Parliament election; the right people in politics; preference for new or experienced politicians; comparison of the two candidates for chancellor regarding their credibility, their energy, their sense of responsibility, their social as well as honest attitude, their winner type, their strength of achievement, their leadership and their ability to solve economic problems of the country; satisfaction with democracy and the condition of society in Germany; judgement on the current economic situation and future development; assessment of personal economic situation and expected further development; dependence of one's own economic situation on the composition of the Federal Government; expected recovery; government composition most able to solve the economic problems in Eastern Germany as well as in Western Germany; issue competence of selected coalitions; evaluation of the demand of the Greens to dissolve the Federal German Armed Forces as well as to eliminate NATO; significance of a dissolution of the Federal German Armed Forces; residential status; length of residence; satisfaction with residence; judgement on the amount of rent and size of residence; currently house-hunting; house-hunting in the last year. Media and the Federal Parliament election: watching television; watching/listening to news; frequency of watching the evening news on the First and Second Television Networks as well as news broadcasts of SAT1, RTL and PRO7; interest in political news on television; reports noticed about the Federal Parliament election in news broadcasts on television, in other TV broadcasts as well as on the radio; listening to news on the radio; interest in political broadcasts on TV; frequency of reading the Bild newspaper; interest in the political reports in the Bild newspaper and information noticed about the Federal Parliament election in this newspaper; frequency of reading daily newspapers; interest in political topics in the daily newspaper and information noticed about the Federal Parliament election; specification of national daily newspapers read; frequency of noticing Federal Parliament election advertisements in newspapers and magazines; frequency of contact with Federal Parliament election posters, hand-bills, brochures and TV election broadcasts of the parties; general interest in election advertising; frequency of political conversations; interest in conversations about the Federal Parliament election; interest in election topics, top candidates and election campaign events; attitude to admission of Germany into the UN Security Council; assumed certainty of one party's winning the election; expected winner of the Federal Parliament election; assumption about the coalition preferences of the SPD and judgement on different coalition possibilities; self-classification on a left-right scale; attitude to deportation of Kurds guilty of criminal offence; attitude to deployment of the Federal German Armed Forces at violent demonstrations; interest in politics. European policies: intent to participate in the European Election; party preference in the European Election; behavior at the polls in the last European Election 1989; interest in European policies; preference for an independent nation-state or the European Union; attitude to increased powers for the European Parliament; advantageousness of EU membership by Germany for the German population; extent to which informed about the job of the European Parliament; advantages or disadvantages of the domestic market; attitude to a common currency (ECU); preference for national or European responsibility in the fight against unemployment, environmental protection, the fight against crime and in solving problems in agriculture; attitude to increased participation by Germany as well as the EU in conflict solving in the world; attitude to admission into the EU of Austria, Finland, Norway and Sweden as well as future admission of Switzerland, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Croatia, Slovenia, the Baltic nations and Turkey; attitude to decision-making authority of the European Parliament over the admission of new countries. Miscellaneous: attitude to removing restrictions on hard as well as soft drugs; attitude to German unification; personal preference in the Federal President election; acceptance of Roman Herzog as Federal President; renewal of the PDS or merely re-naming; attitude to the PDS in Federal Parliament; necessity of the PDS to achieve East German interests; expected chances for election of the PDS as well as the FDP and Alliance 90/Greens in Federal Parliament; perception of the PDS successes in Eastern Germany as danger to recovery and danger to democracy; judgement on the term "red socks"; attitude to the judgement of the Federal Constitutional Court on deployment of Federal German Armed Forces outside of NATO territory; attitude to the idea of socialism; attitude to Schroeder as candidate for chancellor; significance and effect of the Federal Parliament election; assessment of the most active election campaigner; most important criteria in the decision for a certain party (party program, top politicians or policies of the last four years). In the last trend survey -- after the Federal Parliament election -- the following was surveyed: judgement on the performance of the individual parties as an expected or unexpected result; satisfaction with the result of the Federal Parliament election; preference for a one-party government or coalition; desired coalition composition; better election result with the alternative candidate Schroeder as well as with a candidate other than Helmut Kohl; judgement on the PDS direct mandates as well as the 5% clause; party preference after conclusion of the Federal Parliament election (Sunday question); personal job security; unemployed or those whose job is endangered in the social surroundings; status as employee or civil servant; union membership; religiousness; party inclination; party identification; day of survey; district code.

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

Pre-Election Study 1994 (Trend Investigations)


Name Affiliation Abbreviation

Full Title



Name Affiliation Abbreviation

Study Description

Full Title

Pre-Election Study 1994 (Trend Investigations)

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
M. Berger, M. Jung, D. Roth, Affiliation: Institut für praxisorientierte Sozialforschung (IPOS), Mannheim
W.G. Gibowski, Affiliation: Bundespresseamt Bonn
in Zusammenarbeit mit: M. Kaase, H.D. Klingemann, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin
M. Küchler, Affiliation: Hunter College New York
F.U. Pappi, Affiliation: Universität Mannheim
H.A. Semetko, Affiliation: Syracuse University


Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung an der Universität zu Köln ZA


Name Affiliation Abbreviation

Topic Classification

Political Attitudes and Behavior


Research area: FRG.

Time Method

February 1994 to October 1994

Data Collector

Institut fuer praxisorientierte Sozialforschung (IPOS), Mannheim

Sampling Procedure

Random selection of eligible voters according to the RLD procedure (randomize last digit)

Mode of Data Collection

Telephone interview with standardized questionnaire

Availability Status


Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Other References Note

Further Remarks

The complete data set consists of 13 individual surveys. Beginning with February 1994 these were at first conducted in monthly intervals through June 1994. In August one survey was conducted, in September 1994 four surveys, in October three surveys were conducted, all at weekly intervals. The last survey took place after the Federal Parliament election.

Data Files Description

File Name


Overall Case Count


Overall Variable Count


Type of File

Nesstar 200801


Metadata Index

This is the Metadata Index for a Nesstar Server.
Nesstar is a tool used for analysing, visualising and downloading datasets.

Click the "Explore Dataset" button to open the dataset.