Dataset: EVS Trend File 1981-2017


1. Perceptions of life:

importance of family, friends and acquaintances, leisure time, politics, work, and religion;
feeling of happiness;
self-assessment of state of health;
feelings: ever felt excited or interested, restless, proud because of compliments, very lonely or remote from other people, pleased about having accomplishes something, bored, on top of the world, very unhappy, that things were going your way, upset because of criticism;
memberships and voluntary work (unpaid work) in: social welfare services, religious or church organisations, education, art, music or cultural activities, labour unions, political parties, local political actions, human rights, conservation, the environment, ecology, animal rights, professional associations, youth work, sports clubs, women's groups, peace movement, organization concerned with health, consumer groups or other groups, humanitarian or charitable organization, self-help group, mutual aid group, belonging to none;
reasons for voluntary work (e.g. solidarity with the poor and disadvantaged, compassion for those in need, etc.);
tolerance towards minorities as neighbours (people with a criminal record, people of a different race, heavy drinkers, emotionally unstable people, Muslims, immigrants, foreign workers, people who have AIDS, drug addicts, homosexuals, Jews, Gypsies, Christians, left wing extremists, right wing extremists, people with large families and Hindus);
most people can be trusted;
estimation of people's fair and helpful behavior;
satisfaction with life;
internal or external control;
leisure: spent time with: friends, colleagues from work, with people at church, mosque or synagogue, with people at sport, culture, communal organisation.

2. Family and marriage:

attitude towards respect and love for parents;
parent's responsibilities to their children;
important child qualities (good manners, independence, hard work, feeling of responsibility, imagination, tolerance and respect for other people, thrift saving money and things, determination perseverance, religious faith, unselfishness, obedience, none);
justification of abortion when the mother's health is at risk, when the child is physically handicapped, when woman is not married, if not wanting more children;
trust in family;
satisfaction with home life;
sharing attitudes with partner (attitudes towards religion, moral standards, social attitudes, political views, sexual attitudes, no sharing attitudes) and sharing attitudes with parents;
ideal number of children;
a child needs a home with father and mother;
a woman has to have children to be fulfilled;
a man has to have children to be fulfilled;
marriage is an outdated institution;
view on woman as a single parent;
enjoy sexual freedom;
long-term relationship is necessary to be happy;
duty towards society to have children;
it is child's duty to take care of ill parent;
most important criteria for a successful marriage or partnership (faithfulness, adequate income, same social background, respect and appreciation, religious beliefs, good housing, agreement on politics, understanding and tolerance, apart from in-laws, happy sexual relationship, sharing household chores, children, discussing problems, tastes and interests in common, time for friends and personal hobbies);
to make own parents proud is a main goal in life;
attitude towards traditional understanding of one's role of man and woman in occupation and family (gender roles);
homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples.

3. Politics and society:

frequency of political discussions with friends and political opinion leadership;
aims of the country and of the respondent (first and second choice);
most important aims of the country for the next ten years;
willingness to fight for the country;
expectation of future changes and development (less importance placed on work, more emphasis on technology, more emphasis on individual, greater respect for authority, more emphasis on family life, a simple and more natural liefestyle);
opinion about scientific advances;
interest in politics, political participation:
kinds of political action (signing a petition, joining in boycotts, attending lawful/ peaceful demonstrations, joining unofficial strikes, occupying buildings or factories);
preference for individual freedom or social equality;
left-right self-placement;
basic kinds of attitudes concerning society;
equal incomes or incentives for individual efforts;
private vs. state ownership of business;
self-responsibility or government responsibility;
free decision of job-taking of the unemployed or no permission to refuse a job;
competition good vs. harmful;
hard work brings success;
wealth accumulation;
freedom of firms or governmental control;
major changes in life;
new and old ideas;
personal characteristics (scale);
the economic system needs fundamental changes;
government should be made much more open to the public;
allow more freedom for individuals;
I could do nothing about an unjust law;
political reform Is moving too rapidly;
institutional trust (confidence in churches, armed forces, education system, the press, labour unions, the police, parliament, the civil services, social security system, the government, the political parties, major companies, the environmental protection movement, health care system, justice system/ courts, the European Union, major regional organization (combined from country-specific), NATO, the United Nations);
attitude towards selected movements (ecology movement or nature protection, anti-nuclear energy movement, disarmament movement, human rights movement, women's movement, and anti-apartheid movement);
satisfaction with the way democracy develops;
rating of the political system for the governing country;
satisfaction with the political system in the country;
rating of the political system as it was before;
preferred type of political system (having a strong leader, having experts make decisions, having the army rule the country, or having a democratic political system);
firm party leader vs. cooperation party leader;
government order vs. freedom;
attitude towards democracy (in democracy the economic system runs badly, democracies are indecisive and have too much squabbling, democracies aren't good at maintaining order, Democracy may have problems but is better);
assessment of the observance of individual human rights in the country;
assessing the solvability of environmental problems, crime and unemployment at the national level;
immigrant policy;
living day to day because of uncertain future;
frequency of following politics in the news;
give authorities information to help justice vs. stick to own affairs;
feel concerned about immediate family, about people in the neighbourhood, people in the region, fellow countrymen, Europeans, human kind, elderly people, unemployed people, and about sick and disabled people;
party preference (ISO 3166-1);
political party with the most appeal (IS 3166-1);
left-right scale of political party the respondent would vote for;
frequency the respondent watches TV;
reasons why there are people living in need (first and second mention);
opinion on terrorism;
essential characteristics of democracy (governments tax the rich and subsidize the poor, religious authorities interpret the laws, people choose their leaders in free elections, people receive state aid for unemployment, the army takes over when government is incompetent, civil rights protect people's liberty against oppression, women have the same rights as men, the state makes people's incomes equal, people obey their rulers);
importance of democracy;
democraticness in own country;
vote in elections on local level and on national level;
assessment of country's elections (votes are counted fairly, opposition candidates are prevented from running, TV news favors the governing party, voters are bribed, journalists provide fair coverage of elections, election officials are fair, rich people buy elections, voters are threatened with violence at the polls);
political violence is justifiable;
opinion on the government's right to keep people under video surveillance in public areas, monitor all e-mails and any other information exchanged on the Internet, collect information about anyone living in the country without their knowledge.

4. Religion:

thinking about the meaning and the purpose of life;
thinking about death;
life is meaningful because God exits;
try to get the best out of life;
death is inevitable, has meaning if you believe in God, is a natural resting point;
sorrow has meaning if you believe in God;
life has no meaning;
opinion on good and evil in everyone;
belonging to religious denomination;
religious denomination (major groups, country-specific);
former religious denomination;
which former religious denomination;
frequency of attending religious services;
raised religiously;
frequency of attending religious services at the age of 12;
importance of religious service at birth, marriage and death;
churches give adequate answers to moral problems, problems of family life, people's spiritual need, and the social problems of the country;
attitude towards the role of Churches in political issues (churches speak out on disarmament, abortion, third world problems, extramarital affairs, unemployment, racial discrimination, euthanasia, homosexuality, ecology and environmental issues, and government policy);
belief in: God, life after death, soul, hell, heaven, sin, re-incarnation, devil, and resurrection of the dead;
personal God versus spirit or life force;
importance of God in one's life;
experience of comfort and strength from religion;
moments of prayer and meditation;
frequency of prayers to God outside of religious services;
lucky charm protects;
view on the influence of religion on public office and government (politicians who don't believe in God are unfit for public office, religious leaders should not influence how people vote, better if more people with strong religious beliefs are in public office, religious leaders should not influence government).

5. Moral attitudes:

justifiable: claiming government benefits, claiming government benefits without entitlement, avoiding a fare on public transport, cheating on taxes, bribery, homosexuality, prostitution, abortion, divorce, euthanasia, suicide, joyriding, taking soft drugs, lying, adultery, throwing away litter, driving under influence of alcohol, paying cash, having casual sex, sex under the legal age of consent, political assassination, experiments with human embryos, manipulation of food, buy stolen goods, keeping money that you have found, fighting with the police, failing to report damage you've done accidentally to a parked vehicle, threatening workers who refuse to join a strike, killing in self-defence, invitro fertilization, death penalty.

6. National identity:

geographical group belonging to (first and second) (town, region of country, country, Europe, the world);
geographical group belonging to (first and second) (country-specific);
citizen of the country;
national pride;
trust in other people in the country, neighborhood, people personally known, people you meet for the first time, people of another religion, and people of another nationality;
opinion on the European Union;
immigrant status;
important aspects of national identity (being born in the country, to respect country's political institutions and laws, having country's ancestry, to be able speak the national language);
attitude towards immigrants and their customs and traditions (take away jobs, increase crime problems, are a strain on country's welfare system, maintain own/ take over customs);
attitude towards the enlargement of the European Union;
evaluation of the impact of immigrants on the development of the country;
feeling close to the continent (e.g. Europe, Asiia etc.), the world, to the village, town or city, to the county, region, district, and to the country.

7. Environment:

attitude towards the environment (willingness to give part of own income for the environment, increase of taxes if used to prevent environmental pollution, government should reduce environmental pollution.
all talk about the environment make people anxious, combatting unemployment, we have to accept environmental problems, protecting environment and fighting pollution is less urgent than suggested);
protecting the environment vs. economic growth.

8. Work:

Job scarce: give priority to nationals over immigrants as well as men over women in jobs, older people should be forces to retire;
unfair to give work to handicapped people when able bodied people can't find jobs;
satisfaction with the financial situation of the household;
importance of selected criteria of occupational work (e.g. good pay, not too much pressure, good job security, a respected job, etc.);
degree of pride in work;
job satisfaction;
attitude towards work (freedom decision taking in job, humiliating to receive money without having to work for it, people who don't work turn lazy, work is a duty towards society, people should not have to work if they don't want to, work should come first even it it means less spare time);
reasons why people work (work is like a business transaction, I do the best I can regardless o pay, I wouldn't work if I didn't have to, I wouldn't work if work interfered my life, work is most important in my life, I never had a paid job);
fairness: one secretary is paid more;
following instructions at work.


year of birth;
born in the country of interview;
country of birth (ISO 3166-1 code, ISO 3166-1/3 Alpha code);
year of immigration into the country;
age recoded, age recodes (3 intervals);
stable relationship;
stable relationship before;
marital status;
Lived with partner before marriage;
living with partner;
ever been married before;
number of children;
had any children;
number of children still living at home;
number of people in the household (household size);
age at completion of education (recoded in intervals);
Educational level respondent (8 categories, ISCED 97 - one digit, ISCED 11 ‐ one digit, country-specific, recoded);
living together with parents;
employment status;
employment status last job;
supervisor function and number of supervised people (3 categories);
number of employees (4 categories);
institution of occupation;
occupational sector:
job profession/industry (2-digit ISCO88, 2-digit ISCO08);
profession/ job;
occupational status (SIOPS, ISEI, egp11, European ESeC);
unemployment longer than three months;
dependency on social security during the last five years;
respondent is chief wage earner;
chief wage earner is employed now;
profession or job of chief wage earner;
socio-economic status of respondent;

scale of incomes (EVS);
income (country-specific);
monthly household income (x1000), corrected for ppp in euros;
income level (3 categories) EVS.

Information on partner/spouse:

born in the country of interview;
country of birth of partner/spouse (ISO 3166-1 code, ISO 3166-1/3 Alpha code);
educational level of spouse/partner (ISCED 97 - one digit, ISCED 11 -one digit, country-specific, 8 categories, recoded);
employment status;
employment status last job;
job profession/industry (2-digit ISCO88, 2-digit ISCO08);
occupational status (SIOPS, ISEI, European ESeC, egp11);
number of employees (company size);
supervisor function and number of supervised people.

Information on respondent's parents:

father and mother born in the country;
country of birth of father and mother (ISO 3166-1 code and ISO 3166-1/3 Alpha code);
educational level of father (ISCED 97 - one digit, ISCED 11 - one digit, country-specific, ISO 3166-1, 8 categories, recoded);
educational level of mother (ISCED 11 - one digit, recoded);
employment status of father when the respondent was 14 years old;
characterization of the parents when respondent was 14 years old (scale: liked to read books, discussed politics at home with their child, liked to follow the news, had problems making ends meet, had problems replacing broken things);
occupational group - respondent's father (EVS5 - main earner) (respondent 14 years old).

Additionally coded:

Original respondent number;
unified respondent number;
unified respondent number (EVS/WVS);
interviewer number.

mode of data collection;
total length of interview;
time of the interview - Start (;
time of the interview - End (;
date interview (YYYYMMDD);
language of the interview (WVS/EVS list of languages);
language of the interview (ISO 639-1 alpha-2 / 639-2 alpha-3);
survey year;
year/month of start-fieldwork;
year/month of end-fieldwork;

region where the interview was conducted;
region where the intervies was conducted ((NUTS-1):
NUTS version 2006, (NUTS-2):
NUTS version 2006), (NUTS-1):
NUTS version 2016, (NUTS-2):
NUTS version 2016);

size of town where interview was conducted (5 categories);
size of town (country-specific);
type of habitat;
ethnic group;
Post-Materialist index 12-item, 4-item).


population size weight;
weight (with split ups);
equilibrated weight-1000.

Administration and protocol variables:

country (CoW Numeric code);
country (ISO 3166-1 Numeric code);
country (ISO 3166-1 Numeric code) (with split ups);
country (ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 code);
country (ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 code) (with split ups);
country - wave - study - set - year;
country - wave - study - set - year (with split ups);
country - wave;
country - wave (with split ups);
country - year;
country - year (with split ups);
GESIS study number (EVS wave);
GESIS study number;
GESIS archive version, GESIS archive version (EVS wave);

Flag variable:
Duplicate Cases.

Design/ structure:
year/ month of fieldwork-end (matrix design) (EVS5);
year/ month of fieldwork-start (matrix design) (EVS5);
matrix attribution (group/variable bloc) (EVS5);
Mixed mode/matrix design (EVS5);
mode of data collection (follow-up) (EVS5);
date of interview (follow-up) (EVS5);
time of the interview-start (constructed) (follow-up) (EVS5);
time of the interview-end (constructed) (follow-up) (EVS5);
survey year (follow-up) (EVS5).

Interviewer rating:
respondent's interest during the interview.

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

EVS Trend File 1981-2017

Study Description

Full Title

EVS Trend File 1981-2017

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Gedeshi, Ilir Center for Economic and Social Studies (CESS), Albania
Zulehner, Paul M. University of Vienna, Austria
Rotman, David Belarus State University, Belarus
Titarenko, Larissa Belarus State University, Belarus
Billiet, Jaak Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Dobbelaere, Karel Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Kerkhofs, Jan Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Swyngedouw, Marc Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Voyé, Liliane Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
Fotev, Georgy Faculty for Social Wellbeing, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Marinov, Mario Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria
Raichev, Andrei BBSS Gallup International, Bulgaria
Stoychev, Kancho BBSS Gallup International, Bulgaria
Kielty, J.F. The Gallup Organization, Canada
Nevitte, Neil University of Calgary, Canada
Baloban, Josip University of Zagreb, Croatia
Baloban, Stjepan Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Roudometof, Victor University of Cyprus, Cyprus
Rabusic, Ladislav Masaryk University, Czech Republic
Rehak, Jan Czech Republic
Gundelach, Peter University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Petersen, E. Aarhus University, Denmark
Riis, Ole Aarhus University, Denmark
Röhme, Nils Aarhus University, Denmark
Saar, Andrus SAAR POLL, Estonia
Lotti, Leila TNS Gallup Oy, Finland
Pehkonen, Juhani TNS Gallup Oy, Finland
Puranen, Bi Theseus International Management Institute, France
Riffault, Hélène Faits et Opinions, France
Stoetzel, Jean Faits et Opinions, France
Tchernia, Jean-François Tchernia Etudes Conseil, France
Pachulia, Merab Georgian Opinion Research Business International (GORBI), Georgia
Jagodzinski, Wolfgang University of Cologne, Germany
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter Berlin Science Center for Social Research, Germany
Köcher, Renate Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, Germany
Noelle-Neumann, Elisabeth Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, Germany
Anheier, Helmut London School of Economics and Political Science, Great Britain
Barker, David Great Britain
Harding, Stephen ISR, Great Britain
Heald, Gordon Gallup, Great Britain
Timms, Noel University of Leicester, Great Britain
Voas, David Department of Social Science, University College London, Great Britain
Gari, Aikaterini University of Athens, Greece
Georgas, James University of Athens, Greece
Mylonas, Kostas University of Athens, Greece
Hankiss, Elemer Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
Manchin, Robert Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
Rosta, Gergely Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Hungary
Tomka, Miklós Hungarian Religious Research Centre, Hungary
Haraldsson, Olafur University of Iceland, Iceland
Jónsson, Fridrik H. University of Iceland, Iceland
Olafsson, Stefan University of Iceland, Iceland
Breen, Michael University of Limerick, Ireland
Fahey, Tony The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
Fogarty, Michael The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
Kennedy, Kieran The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
Sinnott, Richard Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
Whelan, Chris The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
Abbruzzese, Salvatore University of Trento, Italy
Calvaruso, Claudio University of Trento, Italy
Gubert, Renzo University of Trento, Italy
Rovati, Giancarlo Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Italy
Zepa, Brigita Baltic Institute of Social Sciences, Latvia
Alisauskiene, Rasa Institute for Social Research, Lithuania
Juknevicius, Stanislovas Lithuanian Institute of Culture and Arts, Lithuania
Ziliukaite, Ruta Department of Sociology, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Estgen, Pol SeSoPI Centre Intercommunautaire, Luxembourg
Hausman, Pierre CEPS/INSTEAD, Luxembourg
Legrand, Michel SeSoPI Centre Intercommunautaire, Luxembourg
Petkovska, Antoanela Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Republic of Macedonia
Abela, Anthony M. University of Malta, Malta
Cachia-Caruana, Richard Malta
Inganuez, Fr. Joe Malta
Troisi, Joseph University of Malta, Malta
Petruti, Doru Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC, Republic of Moldova
Besic, Milos University of Montenegro, Republic of Montenegro
Arts, Wil A. Tilburg University, The Netherlands
de Moor, Ruud Tilburg University, The Netherlands
European Values Study (Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Northern Cyprus)
Hagenaars, Jacques A.P. Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Halman, Loek Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Luijkx, Ruud Tilburg University, The Netherlands
Hayes, Bernadette C. Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland
Smith, Alan University of Ulster, Northern Ireland
Listhaug, Ola University of Trondheim; Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Jasinska-Kania, Aleksandra University of Warsaw, Poland
Konieczna, Joanna University of Warsaw, Poland
Marody, Mira University of Warsaw, Poland
Cabral, Manuel Villaverde University of Lisbon, Portugal
Franca, Luis de University of Lisbon, Portugal
Ramos, Alice University of Lisbon, Portugal
Vala, Jorge University of Lisbon, Portugal
Pop, Lucien Romanian Academy, Romania
Voicu, Malina Romanian Academy, Romania
Zamfir, Catalin Romanian Academy, Romania
Bashkirova, Elena Bashkirova & Partners, Russian Federation
Gredelj, Stjepan University of Belgrade, Serbia
Kusá, Zuzana Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovak Republic
Malnar, Brina University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Tos, Niko University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Elzo, Javier University of Deusto, Spain
Orizo, Francisco Andrés DATA S.A.; Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, Spain
Silvestre Cabrera, María University of Deusto, Spain
Bush, Karin SIFO, Sweden
Wallman-Lundåsen, Susanne Department of Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden
Pettersson, Thorleif Uppsala University, Sweden
Joye, Dominique Swiss Foundation for Research in Social Sciences (FORS), University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Esmer, Yilmaz Bogazici University; Bahcesehir University, Turkey
Balakireva, Olga Institute Economy and Prognoses, National Academy of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
Inglehart, Ronald University of Michigan, USA
Rosenberg, Florence Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA), USA
Sullivan, Edward Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate (CARA), USA
Pachulia, Merab SORGU, Baku, Azerbaijan
Poghosyan, Gevorg Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law, Armenian National Academy of Sciences, Yerevan, Armenia
Kritzinger, Sylvia Department of Government, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Kolenović-Đapo, Jadranka Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Baloban, Josip Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Frederiksen, Morten Statistics Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
Saar, Erki Saar Poll, Tallinn, Estonia
Ketola, Kimmo Kirkon tutkimuskeskus, Tampere, Finland
Wolf, Christof Department of Social Sciences, GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Mannheim, Germany
Pachulia, Merab GORBI (Georgian Opinion Research Business International), Tbilisi, Georgia
Bréchon, Pierre Institut d'études politiques de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
Jónsdóttir, Guðbjörg A. Social Science Research Institute, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Komar, Olivera De Facto Consultancy, Podgorica, Montenegro
Reeskens, Tim Department of Sociology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands
Jenssen, Anders T. Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Soboleva, Natalia Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Voicu, Bogdan Research institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Science, Bucharest, Romania
Strapcová, Katarina Institute for Sociology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Bešić, Miloš Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Uhan, Samo Faculty of Social Sciences, Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Ernst Stähli, Michèle FORS, Swiss Foundation for Research in Social Sciences, Université de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland


Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (archive release data set and DDI documentation), GESIS

Date of Production


Place of Production

Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS


Version 2.0.0 (2021-07-07), doi:10.4232/1.13736

Date: 2021-07-07

Type: GESIS archive edition

Version Responsibility Statement

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Bibliographic Citation

EVS (2021): EVS Trend File 1981-2017. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7503 Data file Version 2.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.13736.

Topic Classification

  • Work and Industry
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Society, Culture
  • Family
  • Person, Personality, Role
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Labour and employment
  • Cultural and national identity
  • Religion and values
  • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • Family life and marriage
  • Gender and gender roles
  • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection

Geographic Coverage

  • Albania
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Cyprus Turkish Cypriot Community
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Kosovo-Metohija
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Moldova, Republic of
  • Montenegro
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland
  • North Macedonia
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • United States of America


EVS 2017: The target population is defined as: individuals aged 18 or older (with no upper age limit) that have address of residence (not residential) in [country] within private households at the date of beginning of fieldwork (or in the date of the first visit to the household, in case of random-route selection).

EVS 2008: Persons 18 years or older who are resident within private households, regardless of nationality and citizenship or language. In Armenia persons 15 years or older and in Finland persons from 18 to 74 years were interviewed.
EVS 1999: Adult population of the country 18 years and older (no upper age limit)
EVS 1990: Adult population of the country 18 years and older
EVS 1981: Adult population of the country 18 years and older

Time Method

Albania (4th wave):
2008-07-10 - 2008-09-09

Albania (EVS 2017):
2018-02-24 - 2018-06-24

Armenia (4th wave):
2008-06-16 - 2008-09-19

Armenia (EVS 2017):
2018-02-20 - 2018-04-30

Austria (1st wave):
1990-04-09 - 1990-06-01

Austria (3rd wave):
1999-08-01 - 1999-10-31

Austria (4th wave):
2008-07-21 - 2008-10-22

Austria (EVS 2017):
2018-01-08 - 2018-05-14

Azerbaijan (EVS 2017):
2018-11-10 - 2018-12-23

Belarus (3rd wave):
2000-03-01 - 2000-04-30

Belarus (4th wave):
2008-06-11 - 2008-07-31

Belarus (EVS 2017):
2018-02-01 - 2018-03-05

Belgium (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

Belgium (2nd wave):
1990-06-10 - 1990-06-27

Belgium (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-06-30

Belgium (4th wave):
2009-04-30 - 2009-08-02

Bosnia and Herzegovina (EVS 2017):
2019-02-03 - 2019-06-14

Bosnia-Herzegovina (4th wave):
2008-07-12 - 2008-07-31

Bulgaria (2nd wave):
1990-08-01 - 1990-12-31

Bulgaria (3rd wave):
1999-06-01 - 1999-07-31

Bulgaria (4th wave):
2008-04-21 - 2008-06-15

Bulgaria (EVS 2017):
2017-11-11 - 2018-09-01

Canada (1st wave):

Canada (2nd wave):
1990-05-01 - 1990-06-30

Croatia (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-04-30

Croatia (4th wave):
2008-04-30 - 2008-10-31

Croatia (EVS 2017):
2017-10-25 - 2018-02-16

Cyprus (4th wave):
2008-10-25 - 2008-11-28

Czech Republic (2nd wave):
1991-08-26 - 1991-10-06

Czech Republic (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-05-31

Czech Republic (4th wave):
2008-05-05 - 2008-11-02

Czech Republic (EVS 2017):
2017-09-17 - 2017-12-01

Demmark (2nd wave):
1990-04-01 - 1990-05-31

Denmark (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

Denmark (3rd wave):
1999-04-01 - 1999-11-30

Denmark (4th wave):
2008-04-01 - 2008-09-15

Denmark (EVS 2017):
2017-09-27 - 2018-01-31

Estonia (2nd wave):
1990-06-01 - 1990-08-30

Estonia (3rd wave):
1999-10-01 - 1999-10-31

Estonia (4th wave):
2008-07-01 - 2008-08-31

Estonia (EVS 2017):
2018-05-17 - 2018-09-12

Finland (2nd wave):
1990-04-01 - 1990-04-30

Finland (3rd wave):
2000-09-01 - 2000-10-31

Finland (4th wave):
2009-07-09 - 2009-07-15

Finland (EVS 2017):
2017-11-24 - 2018-07-10

France (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

France (2nd wave):
1990-06-25 - 1990-07-13

France (3rd wave):
1999-03-23 - 1999-04-10

France (4th wave):
2008-05-07 - 2008-09-04

France (EVS 2017):
2018-03-02 - 2018-08-16

Georgia (4th wave):
2008-08-21 - 2008-09-30

Georgia (EVS 2017):
2018-01-11 - 2018-03-18

Germany (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

Germany (4th wave):
2008-09-17 - 2009-02-10

Germany East (2nd wave):
1990-05-28 - 1990-06-16

Germany East (3rd wave):
1999-10-01 - 1999-12-31

Germany (EVS 2017):
2017-10-23 - 2018-11-28

Germany West (2nd wave):
1990-04-23 - 1990-05-15

Germany West (3rd wave):
1999-10-01 - 1999-12-31

Great Britain (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

Great Britain (2nd wave):
1990-06-01 - 1990-09-20

Great Britain (3rd wave):
1999-10-01 - 1999-11-30

Great Britain (4th wave):
2009-08-01 - 2010-03-10

Great Britain (EVS 2017):
2018-02-12 - 2018-07-16

Greece (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-06-30

Greece (4th wave):
2008-09-12 - 2008-10-26

Hungary (2nd wave):
1991-05 - 1991-06

Hungary (3rd wave):
1999-11-01 - 1999-12-31

Hungary (4th wave):
2008-11-26 - 2009-01-28

Hungary (EVS 2017):
2018-02-24 - 2018-08-21

Iceland (1st wave):

Iceland (2nd wave):
1990-04-01 - 1990-04-30

Iceland (3rd wave):
1999-06-01 - 1999-12-31

Iceland (4th wave):
2009-07-15 - 2010-03-15

Iceland (EVS 2017):
2017-06-19 - 2018-04-04

Ireland (2nd wave):
1990-07-06 - 1990-10-26

Ireland (3rd wave):
1999-10-01 - 2000-02-28

Ireland (4th wave):
2008-06-07 - 2008-08-31

Italy (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

Italy (2nd wave):
1990-10-26 - 1990-11-26

Italy (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-05-31

Italy (4th wave):
2009-10-02 - 2009-12-30

Italy (EVS 2017):
2018-09-24 - 2019-01-30

Kosovo (4th wave):
2008-07-15 - 2008-10-13

Latvia (2nd wave):
1990-06-01 - 1990-08-30

Latvia (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-03-31

Latvia (4th wave):
2008-06-01 - 2008-10-31

Lithuania (2nd wave):
1990-06-01 - 1990-08-30

Lithuania (3rd wave):
1999-11-01 - 1999-12-31

Lithuania (4th wave - part 1):
2008-07-21 - 2008-08-25

Lithuania (4th wave - part 2):
2008-08-03 - 2008-09-14

Lithuania (EVS 2017):
2017-12-08 - 2018-02-12

Luxembourg (3rd wave):
1999-07-01 - 1999-10-31

Luxembourg (4th wave):
2008-05-03 - 2008-12-15

Malta (1st wave):
1983-11 - 1984-02

Malta (2nd wave):

Malta (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-05-31

Malta (4th wave):
2008-06-16 - 2008-09-23

Montenegro (4th wave):
2008-11-12 - 2008-12-08

Montenegro (EVS 2017):
2019-07 - 2019-12

Netherlands (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

Netherlands (2nd wave):
1990-06-01 - 1990-09-30

Netherlands (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-08-31

Netherlands (4th wave):
2008-05-21 - 2008-10-21

Netherlands (EVS 2017):
2017-08-31 - 2018-02-28

Northern Cyprus (4th wave):
2008-10-28 - 2008-12-04

Northern Ireland (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-03-01

Northern Ireland (2nd wave):
1990-07-01 - 1990-09-30

Northern Ireland (3rd wave):
1999-07-01 - 1999-11-30

Northern Ireland (4th wave):
2008-09-26 - 2008-10-23

North Macedonia (EVS 2017):
2018-12-10 - 2019-03-28

Norway (1st wave):
1982-11 - 1982-12

Norway (2nd wave):

Norway (4th wave):
2008-04-07 - 2008-09-02

Norway (EVS 2017):
2018-08-22 - 2018-12-17

Poland (2nd wave):
1990-05 - 1990-06

Poland (3rd wave):
1999-02-01 - 1999-03-31

Poland (4th wave):
2008-06-27 - 2008-09-28

Poland (EVS 2017):
2017-11-17 - 2018-02-08

Portugal (2nd wave):
1990-05-11 - 1990-07-13

Portugal (3rd wave):
1999-10-01 - 1999-12-31

Portugal (4th wave):
2008-05-26 - 2008-08-31

Portugal (EVS 2017):
2020-01-11 - 2020-03-01

Republic of Macedonia (4th wave):
2008-07-03 - 2008-10-13

Republic of Moldova (4th wave):
2008-07-02 - 2008-10-04

Romania (2nd wave):

Romania (3rd wave):
1999-07-01 - 1999-07-31

Romania (4th wave):
2008-04-24 - 2008-06-30

Romania (EVS 2017):
2018-02-03 - 2018-05-05

Russia (EVS 2017):
2017-11-07 - 2017-12-25

Russian Federation (3rd wave):
1999-04-01 - 1999-06-30

Russian Federation (4th wave):
2008-06-28 - 2008-07-26

Serbia (4th wave):
2008-07-14 - 2008-07-31

Serbia (EVS 2017):
2018-11-10 - 2018-12-21

Slovakia (2nd wave):
1991-08-26 - 1991-09-08

Slovakia (3rd wave):
1999-06-01 - 1999-07-31

Slovakia (4th wave):
2008-07-14 - 2008-08-29

Slovak Republic (EVS 2017):
2017-09-26 - 2017-12-03

Slovenia (2nd wave):
1992-02-01 - 1992-02-28

Slovenia (3rd wave):
1999-10-01 - 1999-10-31

Slovenia (EVS 2017):
2017-09-30 - 2017-12-23

Slowenia (4th wave):
2008-03-27 - 2008-06-18

Spain (1st wave):
1981-03-01 - 1981-05-31

Spain (2nd wave):
1990-04-09 - 1990-05-14

Spain (3rd wave):
1999-03-01 - 1999-04-30

Spain (4th wave):
2008-05-28 - 2008-07-15

Spain (EVS 2017):
2017-11-28 - 2018-01-22

Sweden (1st wave):

Sweden (2nd wave):
1990-04-01 - 1990-05-31

Sweden (3rd wave):
1999-11-15 - 2000-02-13

Sweden (4th wave):
2008-09-25 - 2010-01-10

Sweden (EVS 2017):
2017-09-27 - 2018-06-06

Switzerland (4th wave):
2008-05-08 - 2008-10-06

Switzerland (EVS 2017):
2017-09-11 - 2018-02-22

Turkey (3rd wave):
2001-09-01 - 2001-10-01

Turkey (4th wave):
2008-11-26 - 2009-03-01

Ukraine (3rd wave):
1999-12-01 - 1999-12-31

Ukraine (4th wave):
2008-07-12 - 2008-10-09

Ukraine (EVS 2017):
2020-11-02 - 2020-11-23

USA (1st wave):
1982-03-01 - 1982-03-31

USA (2nd wave):
1990-05-01 - 1990-06-30

Data Collector

Albania: Strategic Puls Research, Tirana;
Armenia: Marketing Communications, Yerevan;
Austria: GfK Austria GmbH, Vienna;
Belarus: Belarus State University, Center for Sociological and Political Research, Minsk; The Centre of Political and Sociological Researches of Belarus State University;
Belgium: TNS-Dimarso, Brussels; Nationaal instituut voor dataverzameling/Dimarso;
Bosnia-Herzegovina: PULS doo; Sarajevo;
Bulgaria: Institute of Sociology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences; Market LINKS-Research & Consulting, Sofia;
Croatia: Market Research Agency 'Target'; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Law, Department of Social Work, Zagreb;
Cyprus: CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia;
Northern Cyprus: Prologue Consulting, Nocosia;
Czech Republic: SC&C Ltd., Statistical Computations and Computing, Prague;
Denmark: SFI Survey, The Danish national institute of social research, Copenhagen;
Estonia: Saar Poll, Ltd., Tallinn;
Finland: TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo;
France: Institut de Sondages Lavialle (I.S.L.) Issy-les-Moulineaux; Research International;
Georgia: GORBI Gallup International, Tbilisi;
Germany: INFAS, Bonn; BIK MARPLAN Intermedia GmbH, Offenbach am Main;
Great Britain: Quality Fieldwork & Research Services, Birmingham;
Greece: Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, The University of Athens; Metron Analysis S.A., Athens;
Hungary: Szonda-Ipsos Média-, Vélemény - és Piaclutató Intézet, Budapest; Forsense Piackutató és Stratégiai Tanácsadó Kft., Budapest;
Iceland: The Institute of Social Research at the University of Iceland; The Social Science Research Institute, Reykjavík;
Ireland: The Survey Unit, The Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin; TNS mrbi, Dublin;
Northern Ireland: Research and Evalutation Services, Belfast; TNS mrbi, Dublin;
Italy: Centro Ricerche Sociali di Moncomo G. e C. SaS, Milan;
Kosovo: Strategic Marketing d.o.o., Pristina;
Latvia: Latvia Social Research Centre; Latvian Facts, Riga;
Lithuania: Baltic Surveys - market and public opinion research company Ltd., Vilnius;
Luxembourg: ILRES Market Research; CEPS/INSTEAD, Differdange;
Malta: MISCO International;
Republic of Macedonia: Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Faculty of Philosophy, Skopje;
Republic of Moldova: Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC Chisinau, Chisinau;
Republic of Montenegro: Strategic Research, Podgorica;
The Netherlands: Survey data, Tilburg; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam;
Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo;
Poland: CBOS - Public Opinion Research Centre; Pentor Research International S.A., Warszawa;
Portugal: TNS Euroteste - Marketing E Opinião, Lisboa;
Romania: The Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Science (RIQL), Metro Media Transilvania, Bucharest;
Russia: ROMIR, Moscow; Bashkirova and partners, Moscow;
Serbia: Strategic Marketing d.o.o., Belgrade;
Slovak Republic: TNS SK. S.r.o., Bratislava; Agentúra MVK, Bratislava Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communications Research Center, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana;
Spain: Data SA, Madrid; Metroscopia, Madrid;
Sweden: ARS - research AB, Stockholm; Statistics Sweden (SCB), Örebro;
Switzerland: M.I.S. Trend S.A., Lausanne;
Turkey: SAM Arastirma, Danisma ve Tanitim Hizmetleri A.S. and Bulgu Arastirma ve Halka Iliskiler Ltd Sti, Istanbul; Bogazici University, Istanbul; Birim Arastirma;
Ukraine: Social Monitoring Centre (NGO) and Ukrainian Institute for Social Research; Kiev International Institute of Sociology, Kiev;
USA: The Gallup Organization, Princeton, NJ EVS 2017 Center for Economic and Social Studies (CESS), Tirana, Albania;
InterRating CoLtd, Yerevan, Armenia;
Institut für empirische Sozialforschung (IFES) GmbH, Vienna, Austria;
Sorgu, Baku, Azerbaijan;
Centre for Sociological and Political Research, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus;
Custom Concept d.o.o., Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
Alpha Research LTD, Sofia, Bulgaria;
Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, and GfK research Agency, Zagreb, Croatia;
STEM/MARK, a.s., Praha, Czech Republic;
Statistics Denmark - Survey, Copenhagen, Denmark;
AS Emor,Tallinn, Estonia;
Taloustutkimus Oy, Lemuntie 9, 00910 Helsinki, Finland;
GORBI (Georgian Opinion Research Business International), Tbilisi, Georgia;
Kantar Deutschland GmbH, Kantar Public, München, Germany;
NatCen Social Research, London, Great Britain;
Forsense, Budapest, Hungary;
Social Science Research Institute, SSRI, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland;
Doxa Spa, Milano, Italy;
Baltic Surveys, Vilnius, Lithuania;
DeFacto Consultancy, Podgorica, Montenegro;
I&O Research B.V., Enschede, Netherlands and CentERdata, Tilburg, Netherlands;
Faculty of Philosophy, Skopje, North Macedonia;
Statistics Norway, Oslo, Norway;
Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej (Public Opinion Research Centre), Warszawa, Poland;
IRES: Institutul Roman pentru Evaluare si Strategie, Romania;
CESSI (Institute for comparative Social Research), Moscow, Russia;
Nina media, Novi Sad, Serbia;
Kantar TNS, Bratislava, Slovakia;
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Science, Ljubljana, Slovenia;
MyWord Research SL, Madrid, Spain;
IPSOS Observer Sweden AB, Härnösand, Sweden;
M.I.S Trend S.A;
Lausanne, Switzerland (Face-to-face) and Swiss Centre for Expertise in the Social Sciences FORS c/o University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland (Web-mail);
GfK-Metris, Lisbon, Portugal;
Social monitoring center, Kiev, Ukraine

Sampling Procedure

Representative single stage or multi-stage sampling of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older was used for the EVS 2017. Sample size was set as effective sample size: 1200 for countries with population over 2 million, 1000 for countries with population less than 2 million. 8 countries out of 16 deviated from the guidelines and planned with an effective sample size below the set threshold. Germany, Netherlands, Iceland and Switzerland, due to the mixed mode design, allocated only part (50% or more) of the effective sample size to the interviewer-administered mode.

Sample design and other relevant information about sampling were reviewed by the EVS-Methodology Group (EVS-MG) and approved prior to contracting of fieldwork agency or starting of data collection. In case of on-field sampling EVS-MG proposed necessary protocols for documentation of the probabilities of selection of each respondent.

The sampling was documented using the Sampling Design Form (SDF) delivered by the national teams (see the EVS2017 Methodological Guidelines, Sampling). The SDF includes the description of the sampling frame and each sampling stage as well as the calculation of the planned gross and net sample size to achieve the required effective sample. Additionally, it includes the analytical description of the inclusion probabilities of the sampling design that are used to calculate design weights.

EVS 2008: Representative multi-stage or stratified random sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older (except Armenia 15+ and Finland 18 to 74 years). They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. The net sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1500 respondents per country, except Northern Cyprus and Northern Ireland (with 500 interviews each), Iceland (808), Cyprus (1000), Ireland (1013), Norway (1090), Finland (1134), Sweden (1187), Switzerland (1272) France (random sample: 1501, two additional quota samples: 1570), Germany (disproportional sample East: 1004, West: 1071). For country-specific in-formation, see EVS, GESIS (2010): EVS 2008 Method Report. GESIS-Technical Reports 2010/17. Retrieved from
EVS webpage.

EVS 1999: Representative multi-stage random sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. With the exception of Greece, in all countries surveys were carried out by experienced professional survey organizations. The slightly different sampling procedures in each country are described in detail in the source book of Loek Halman, The European Values Study: A Third Wave. Source book of the 1999/2000 European Values Study Surveys. Tilburg: EVS, WORC, Tilburg University 2001. Retrieved from EVS website/Surveys/Survey 1999:
EVS webpage.

EVS 1990: Representative multi-stage random sample respective quota sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older.

EVS 1981: Nationally representative samples were selected. The target number of interviews in each country was set at 1000, with an additional booster quota sample of 200 young adults aged 18-24.

Mode of Data Collection

Mode of collection: mixed mode

Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Face-to-face interview: PAPI (Paper and Pencil Interview)
Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer-Assisted Web Interview)
Self-administered questionnaire: Paper

EVS 2017: In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by the EVS advisory groups. The main mode in EVS 2017 is face to face (interviewer-administered). An alternative self-administered form was possible but as a parallel mixed mode, i.e. there was no choice for the respondent between modes: either s/he was assigned to face to face, either s/he was assigned to web or web/mail format. In all countries included in the first pre-release, the EVS questionnaire was administered as face-to-face interview (CAPI or/and PAPI).

The EVS 2017 Master Questionnaire was provided in English and each national Programme Director had to ensure that the questionnaire was translated into all the languages spoken by 5% or more of the population in the country. A central team monitored the translation process by means of the Translation Management Tool (TMT), developed by CentERdata (Tilburg).

EVS 2008: Face-to-face interviews with standardized questionnaire. In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by the EVS advisory groups. The EVS questionnaires were administered as face-to-face interviews in the appropriate national language(s). As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI or PAPI was used in nearly all countries. Exceptions are Finland (internet panel) and Sweden (postal survey).
The English basic questionnaire was translated into other languages by means of the questionnaire translation system WebTrans, a web-based translation platform designed by Gallup Europe. The whole translation process was closely monitored and quasi-automated documented (see EVS (2010): EVS 2008 Guidelines and Recommendations. GESIS-Technical Reports 2010/16. Retrieved from EVS webpage.

EVS 1999: Face-to-face interviews with standardized questionnaire. In Iceland about a quarter of the respondents were interviewed by telephone. These were respondents in remote areas of the country.

EVS 1990: Personal interview with standardized questionnaire

EVS 1981: Personal interview with standardized questionnaire

Availability Status


Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials

ZA7503_cdb.pdf (Variable Report)


EVS/WVS SPSS Merge Syntax

EVS/WVS Stata Merge Syntax



ZA7503_EVS_WVS_ParticipatingCountries.xlsx ZA7503 EVS/WVS Participating Countries (Table)

ZA7503_Common_EVS_WVS_Dictionary_IVS.xlsx ZA7503 Common EVS/WVS Dictionary IVS (Table)

ZA7503_Common_EVS_WVS_Dictionary_EVS-Trend.xlsx ZA7503 Common EVS/WVS Dictionary EVS-Trend (Table)

ZA7503_IVS_ConditionsOfUse.pdf IVS Conditions of Use (Other Document)

ZA7503_EVS_ParticipatingCountries.pdf ZA7503 EVS Participating Countries (Other Document)

ZA7503_Method_Information.xlsx Method Overview - National Surveys (Method Report)

Related Publications

Related Publications

Measuring and Comparing Values in 16 Countries of the Western World. Documentation of the European Values Study 1981-1990 in Europe and North America.
Halman, Loek; Vloet, Astrid, November 1994. Work and Organization Research Centre - Tilburg University

Research Unit on Workers in Development. Warandelaan 2 - 5037 AB Tilburg - The Netherlands. (Worc report 94.11.001)
See EVS webpage: here

The European Values Study: A Third Wave. Source book of the 1999/2000 European Values Study Surveys.
Halman, Loek, Tilburg: EVS, WORC, Tilburg University 2001.
See EVS webpage: here

Atlas of European Values: Trends and Traditions at the turn of the Century.
Loek Halman, Inge Sieben, and Marga van Zundert, Tilburg University.
Leiden, Tilburg: Brill 2012.
See EVS webpage: here

The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available.
The EVS Bibliography can be found here.

Other References Note

European Values Study

Data Files Description

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