Dataset: European Values Study 2017: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2017)


Morale, religious, societal, political, work, and family values of Europeans.


1. Perceptions of life:

importance of work, family, friends and acquaintances, leisure time, politics and religion;
self-assessment of own health;
memberships in voluntary organisations (religious or church organisations, cultural activities, trade unions, political parties or groups, environment, ecology, animal rights, professional associations, sports, recreation, or other groups, none);
active or inactive membership of humanitarian or charitable organisation, consumer organisation, self-help group or mutual aid;
voluntary work in the last six months;
tolerance towards minorities (people of a different race, heavy drinkers, immigrants, foreign workers, drug addicts, homosexuals, Christians, Muslims, Jews, and gypsies - social distance);
trust in people;
estimation of people's fair and helpful behavior;
internal or external control;
satisfaction with life;
importance of educational goals:
desirable qualities of children.

2. Work:

attitude towards work (job needed to develop talents, receiving money without working is humiliating, people turn lazy not working, work is a duty towards society, work always comes first);
importance of selected aspects of occupational work;
give priority to nationals over foreigners as well as men over women in jobs.

3. Religion and morale:

religious denomination;
current and former religious denomination;
current frequency of church attendance and at the age of 12;
self-assessment of religiousness;
belief in God, life after death, hell, heaven, and re-incarnation;
personal god vs. spirit or life force;
importance of God in one's life (10-point-scale);
frequency of prayers;
morale attitudes (scale: claiming state benefits without entitlement, cheating on taxes, taking soft drugs, accepting a bribe, homosexuality, abortion, divorce, euthanasia, suicide, paying cash to avoid taxes, casual sex, avoiding fare on public transport, prostitution, in-vitro fertilization, political violence, death penalty).

4. Family:

trust in family;
most important criteria for a successful marriage or partnership (faithfulness, adequate income, good housing, sharing household chores, children, time for friends and personal hobbies);
marriage is an outdated institution;
attitude towards traditional understanding of one's role of man and woman in occupation and family (gender roles);
homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples;
duty towards society to have children;
responsibility of adult children for their parents when they are in need of long-term care;
to make own parents proud is a main goal in life.

5. Politics and society:

political interest;
political participation;
preference for individual freedom or social equality;
self-assessment on a left-right continuum (10-point-scale) (left-right self-placement);
individual vs. state responsibility for providing;
take any job vs. right to refuse job when unemployed;
competition good vs. harmful for people;
equal incomes vs. incentives for individual effort;
private vs. government ownership of business and industry;
postmaterialism (scale);
most important aims of the country for the next ten years;
willingness to fight for the country;
expectation of future development (less importance placed on work and greater respect for authority);
trust in institutions;
essential characteristics of democracy;
importance of democracy for the respondent;
rating democracy in own country;
satisfaction with the political system in the country;
preferred type of political system (strong leader, expert decisions, army should rule the country, or democracy);
vote in elections on local level, national level and European level;
political party with the most appeal;
another political party that most appeals;
assessment of country's elections (votes are counted fairly, opposition candidates are prevented from running, TV news favors the governing party, voters are bribed, journalists provide fair coverage of elections, election officials are fair, rich people buy elections, voters are threatened with violence at the polls);
opinion on the government's right to keep people under video surveillance in public areas, monitor all e-mails and any other information exchanged on the Internet, collect information about anyone living in the country without their knowledge;
interest in politics in the media;
concerned about the living conditions of people in the neighborhood, the people in the region, fellow countrymen, Europeans, all humans all over the world, elderly people, unemployed people, immigrants, sick and disabled people;
societal aims (eliminating income inequalities, basic needs for all, recognizing people on merits, protecting against terrorism).

6. National Identity:

trust in people from various groups (neighborhood, personally known people, people meet for the first time, people of another religion, and people of another nationality);
geographical group the respondent feels belonging to (town, region of country, country, Europe, the world);
national pride;
evaluation of the impact of immigrants on the country's development;
attitude towards immigrants and their customs and traditions (take away jobs, increase crime problems, strain on country's welfare system, should maintain their distinct customs and traditions or take over customs);
important aspects of national identity (to have been born in the country, to respect country's political institutions and laws, to have country's ancestry, to speak the national language, to share national culture);
important aspects of being European (to have been born in Europe, to have European ancestry, to be a Christian, to share European culture);
attitude towards the enlargement of the European Union.

7. Environment:

attitude towards the environment (scale: willingness to give part of own income for the environment, too difficult to do much about the environment, more important things in life than environment protection, own activities are useless unless others do the same for the environment, claims about environmental threats are exaggerated);
protecting the environment vs. economic growth.


age (year of birth);
born in the country of interview;
country of birth;
year of immigration into the country;
current legal marital status;
living together with the partner before marriage or before the registration of partnership;
living together with a partner;
steady relationship;
living together with parents or parents in law;
number of children in the household and outside the household;
number of people in the household (household size);
age of the youngest person in the household;
age at completion of education;
highest educational level (ISCED);
employment status;
employment or self-employment in the last job;
name or title of main job or last main job;
profession (ISCO-08, SIOPS-08, ISEI-08, ESEC-08);
number of employees (company size);
supervising function and number of supervised people;
occupational sector (Government or public institution, private business or industry, or private non-profit organization);
unemployment longer than three months;
dependency on social security during the last five years;
scale of household income (weekly, monthly, annual).

Information on partner/spouse:

born in the country of interview;
country of birth;
highest educational level (ISCED);
employment status;
employment or self-employment in the last job;
name or title of main job or last main job;
profession (ISCO-08, SIOPS-08, ISEI-08, ESEC-08);
number of employees (company size);
supervising function and number of supervised people.

Information on respondent's parents:

father and mother born in the country;
country of birth of father and mother;
scale of household income;
highest educational level of father and mother (ISCED);
employment status of father and mother when the respondent was 14 years old;
occupational position of the main wage earner at respondent's age of 14;
characterization of the parents when respondent was 14 years old (scale: liked to read books, discussed politics at home with their child, liked to follow the news, had problems making ends meet, had problems replacing broken things).

Interviewer rating:

respondent's interest during the interview.

Additionally encoded:

survey year;
start and end of fieldwork (year and month);
country code (ISO 3166);
country and year of fieldwork (ISO 3166);
mode of data collection;
region (NUTS);
city size (NUTS);
date of the interview;
time of the interview (start hour and start minute, end hour and end minute);
language of interview;
interviewer number;
mixed mode and matrix design variables;
weighting factors.

Additional country specific variables are included in this national dataset.

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

European Values Study 2017: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2017)

Study Description

Full Title

European Values Study 2017: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2017)

Identification Number


Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Gedeshi, Ilir Center for Economic and Social Studies (CESS), Tirana, Albania
Poghosyan, Gevorg Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law, Armenian National Academy of Sciences, Yerevan, Armenia
Pachulia, Merab SORGU, Baku, Azerbaijan
Kritzinger, Sylvia Department of Government, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Rotman, David The Center of Sociological and Political Research, Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus
Fotev, Georgy Faculty for Social Wellbeing, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Rabušic, Ladislav Faculty of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Baloban, Josip Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Frederiksen, Morten Statistics Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
Saar, Erki Saar Poll, Tallinn, Estonia
Ketola, Kimmo Kirkon tutkimuskeskus, Tampere, Finland
Bréchon, Pierre Institut d'études politiques de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
Pachulia, Merab GORBI (Georgian Opinion Research Business International), Tbilisi, Georgia
Wolf, Christof Department of Social Sciences, GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Mannheim, Germany
Rosta, Gergely Department of Sociology, Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
Voas, David Department of Social Science, University College London, Great Britain
Rovati, Giancarlo Department of Sociology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy
Jónsdóttir, Guðbjörg A. Social Science Research Institute, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Ziliukaite, Ruta Department of Sociology, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Reeskens, Tim Department of Sociology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands
Jenssen, Anders T. Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
Marody, Mirosława Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
Voicu, Bogdan Research institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy of Science, Bucharest, Romania
Soboleva, Natalia Laboratory for Comparative Social Research, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Bešić, Miloš Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Strapcová, Katarina Institute for Sociology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Uhan, Samo Faculty of Social Sciences, Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Silvestre Cabrera, María Faculty of Political Sciences and Sociology, Deusto University, Bilbao, Spain
Wallman-Lundåsen, Susanne Department of Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden
Ernst Stähli, Michèle FORS, Swiss Foundation for Research in Social Sciences, Université de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland


Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (archive release data set and DDI documentation), GESIS

Date of Production


Place of Production

Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS


Version 2.0.0 (2019-07-15), doi:10.4232/1.13314

Date: 2019-07-15

Type: GESIS archive prerelease edition

Version Responsibility Statement

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Bibliographic Citation

EVS (2019):
European Values Study 2017: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2017). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7500 Data file Version 2.0.0, doi:10.4232/1.13314.

Topic Classification

  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Society, Culture
  • Family
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Person, Personality, Role
  • Work and Industry
  • Labour and employment
  • Religion and values
  • Society and culture
  • Mass political behaviour, attitudes / opinion
  • Family life and marriage
  • Gender and gender roles
  • Environmental degradation / pollution and protection

Geographic Coverage

  • Albania
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belarus
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Lithuania
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland


The target population is defined as: individuals aged 18 or older (with no upper age limit) that have address of residence (not residential) in [country] within private households at the date of beginning of fieldwork (or in the date of the first visit to the household, in case of random-route selection).

Research area:

Albania (AL);
Armenia (AM);
Austria (AT);
Azerbaijan (AZ);
Belarus (BY);
Bulgaria (BG);
Croatia (HR);
Czech Republic (CZ);
Denmark (DK);
Estonia (EE);
Finland (FI);
France (FR);
Georgia (GE);
Germany (DE);
Great-Britain (GB-GBN);
Hungary (HU);
Iceland (IS);
Italy (IT);
Lithuania (LT);
Netherlands (NL);
Norway (NO);
Poland (PL);
Romania (RO);
Russian Federation (RU);
Serbia (RS);
Slovakia (SK);
Slovenia (SI);
Sweden (SE);
Spain (ES);
Switzerland (CH).

Time Method

2018-02-24 - 2018-06-24

2018-02-20 - 2018-04-30

2018-01-08 - 2018-05-14

2018-11-10 - 2018-12-23

2018-02-01 - 2018-03-05

2017-11-11 - 2018-09-01

2017-10-25 - 2018-02-16

Czech Republic:
2017-09-17 - 2017-12-01

2017-09-27 - 2018-01-31

2018-05-17 - 2018-09-12

2017-11-24 - 2018-07-10

2018-03-02 - 2018-08-16

2018-01-11 - 2018-03-18

2017-10-23 - 2018-11-28

Great Britain:
2018-02-12 - 2018-07-16

2018-02-24 - 2018-08-21

2017-06-19 - 2018-04-04

2018-09-24 - 2019-01-30

2017-12-08 - 2018-02-12

2017-08-31 - 2018-02-28

2018-08-22 - 2018-12-17

2017-11-17 - 2018-02-08

2018-02-03 - 2018-05-05

2017-11-07 - 2017-12-25

2018-11-10 - 2018-12-21

Slovak Republic:
2017-09-26 - 2017-12-03

2017-09-30 - 2017-12-23

2017-11-28 - 2018-01-22

2017-09-27 - 2018-06-06

2017-09-11 - 2018-02-22

Data Collector

Center for Economic and Social Studies (CESS), Tirana, Albania;
InterRating CoLtd, Yerevan, Armenia;
Institut für empirische Sozialforschung (IFES) GmbH, Vienna, Austria;
Sorgu, Baku, Azerbaijan;
Centre for Sociological and Political Research, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus;
Alpha Research LTD, Sofia, Bulgaria;
Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, and GfK research Agency, Zagreb, Croatia;
STEM/MARK, a.s., Praha, Czech Republic;
Statistics Denmark - Survey, Copenhagen, Denmark;
AS Emor,Tallinn, Estonia;
Taloustutkimus Oy, Lemuntie 9, 00910 Helsinki, Finland;
GORBI (Georgian Opinion Research Business International), Tbilisi, Georgia;
Kantar Deutschland GmbH, Kantar Public, München, Germany;
NatCen Social Research, London, Great Britain;
Forsense, Budapest, Hungary;
Social Science Research Institute, SSRI, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland;
Doxa Spa, Milano, Italy;
Baltic Surveys, Vilnius, Lithuania;
I&O Research B.V., Enschede, Netherlands and CentERdata, Tilburg, Netherlands;
Statistics Norway, Oslo, Norway;
Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej (Public Opinion Research Centre), Warszawa, Poland;
IRES: Institutul Roman pentru Evaluare si Strategie, Romania;
CESSI (Institute for comparative Social Research), Moscow, Russia;
Nina media, Novi Sad, Serbia;
Kantar TNS, Bratislava, Slovakia;
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Science, Ljubljana, Slovenia;
MyWord Research SL, Madrid, Spain;
IPSOS Observer Sweden AB, Härnösand, Sweden;
M.I.S Trend S.A, Lausanne, Switzerland (Face-to-face) and Swiss Centre for Expertise in the Social Sciences FORS c/o University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland (Web-mail)

Sampling Procedure

The sampling procedures differ from country to country:

Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Probability Sample: Simple Random Sample

Representative single stage or multi-stage sampling of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older was used for the EVS 2017. Sample size was set as effective sample size: 1200 for countries with population over 2 million, 1000 for countries with population less than 2 million. 8 countries out of 16 deviated from the guidelines and planned with an effective sample size below the set threshold. Germany, Netherlands, Iceland and Switzerland, due to the mixed mode design, allocated only part (50% or more) of the effective sample size to the interviewer-administered mode.

Sample design and other relevant information about sampling were reviewed by the EVS-Methodology Group (EVS-MG) and approved prior to contracting of fieldwork agency or starting of data collection. In case of on-field sampling EVS-MG proposed necessary protocols for documentation of the probabilities of selection of each respondent.

The sampling was documented using the Sampling Design Form (SDF) delivered by the national teams (see the EVS2017 Methodological Guidelines, Sampling). The SDF includes the description of the sampling frame and each sampling stage as well as the calculation of the planned gross and net sample size to achieve the required effective sample. Additionally, it includes the analytical description of the inclusion probabilities of the sampling design that are used to calculate design weights.

Please note: weight variable will only be available in the coming EVS 2017 releases.

Mode of Data Collection

Mode of collection: mixed mode

Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Face-to-face interview: PAPI (Paper and Pencil Interview)
Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer-Assisted Web Interview)

In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by the EVS advisory groups. The main mode in EVS 2017 is face to face (interviewer-administered). An alternative self-administered form was possible but as a parallel mixed mode, i.e. there was no choice for the respondent between modes: either s/he was assigned to face to face, either s/he was assigned to web or web/mail format. In all countries included in the first pre-release, the EVS questionnaire was administered as face-to-face interview (CAPI or/and PAPI).

The EVS 2017 Master Questionnaire was provided in English and each national Programme Director had to ensure that the questionnaire was translated into all the languages spoken by 5% or more of the population in the country. A central team monitored the translation process by means of the Translation Management Tool (TMT), developed by CentERdata (Tilburg).

Availability Status


Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials

Variable Reports


Appendix A1: Religion

Appendix A2: Political Parties

Appendix A3: Education

Appendix A4: Mapping Education

Appendix B: Income

Appendix C: NUTS

Appendix D1: Guide Mixed-Mode Matrix

Appendix D2: Matrix Design Question Blocks

Appendix D3: Matrix Design Remove follow-ups

Appendix E: Weighting


Methodological Guidelines

Appendix 1: Classifications

Appendix 2: Sampling Template

Appendix 3: Translation

Appendix 4: Mixed-Mode Strategy

Appendix 5: Fieldwork

Appendix 6: Data Processing


CAPI Master







CAWI Master


Czech Republic







Great Britain











Slovakian Republic








List of participating countries (EVS and WVS) (Other Document)

(Method Report)

Appendix A: Mixed-Mode Specifics (Method Report)

Related Publications

Related Publications

The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available.

The EVS Bibliography can be found here:

Data Files Description

File Name


Overall Case Count


Overall Variable Count


Type of File

Nesstar 200801


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