Dataset: International Social Survey Programme: Religion I-III - ISSP 1991-1998-2008

Abstract

The release of the cumulated ISSP 'Religion' modules for the years 1991, 1998 and 2008 consists of two separate datasets: ZA5070 and ZA5071. This documentation deals with the main dataset ZA5070. It contains all the cumulated variables, while the supplementary data file ZA5071 contains those variables that could not be cumulated for various reasons. However, they can be matched easily to the cumulated file if necessary. A comprehensive overview on the contents, the structure and basic coding rules of both data files can be found in the following guide:

Guide for the ISSP 'Religion' cumulation of the years 1991, 1998 and 2008

Content: attitudes towards religion.

Topics:
Assessment of personal happiness;
responsibility of government for providing jobs and reduction of the difference between rich and poor;
attitudes towards pre-marital sexual intercourse;
attitudes towards committed adultery;
attitudes towards homosexual relationships between adults;
attitudes towards abortion in case of serious disability or illness of the baby or low income of the family;
attitudes towards gender roles in marriage;
attitude towards tax fraud and incorrect information to get benefits from government;
trust in institutions (parliament, business and industry, churches and religious organizations, courts and the legal system, schools and the educational system);
attitudes towards the influence of religious leaders on voters and government;
judgement on the power of churches and religious organizations;
doubt or firm belief in God (deism, scale); belief in: a life after death, heaven, hell, religious miracles;
attitudes towards the Bible (or appropriate holy book);
attitudes towards a higher truth and towards meaning of life (scale: God is concerned with every human being personally, little that people can do to change the course of their lives (fatalism), life is meaningful only because God exists, life does not serve any purpose, life is only meaningful if someone provides the meaning himself);
we each make our own fate;
turning point in life and new commitment to religion;
religious preference (affiliation) of mother, father and spouse/partner;
religion respondent was raised in;
frequency of church attendance (of attendance in religious services) of father and mother when the respondent was a child;
personal frequency of church attendance at the age of 11-12;
frequency of prayers and participation in religious activities;
self-assessment as religious;
belief in lucky charms, fortune tellers, faith healers and horoscopes;
born again experience;
concept of God (semantic differential scale: mother - father, master - spouse, judge - lover, friend - king);
world image: much evil vs. much good, man is good vs. corrupt;
people can be trusted;
attitudes towards the benefits of science and religion (scale: modern science does more harm than good, too much trust in science and not enough in religious faith, religions bring more conflicts than peace, intolerance of people with very strong religious beliefs);
attitude towards truth in religion (very litte truth in any religion, basic truths in many religions or truth only in one religion);
attitude if law conflicts with religious principles.

Demography:
sex;
age;
marital status;
steady life partner;
years of schooling;
highest education level;
current employment status (respondent and partner);
hours worked weekly;
occupation (ISCO 1988) (respondent and partner);
supervising function at work;
working for private or public sector or self-employed;
number of employees;
trade union membership;
size of household;
household composition;
party affiliation (left-right);
participation in last election;
attendance of religious services;
religious main groups;
subjective social class;
region (country-specific).

Additionally coded:
weighting factor.

Variable Groups

Document Description

Full Title

International Social Survey Programme: Religion I-III - ISSP 1991-1998-2008

Study Description

Full Title

International Social Survey Programme: Religion I-III - ISSP 1991-1998-2008

Identification Number

ZA5070

Authoring Entity

Name Affiliation
Höllinger, Franz Institut für Soziologie, Universität Graz, Austria
Haller, Max Institut für Soziologie, Universität Graz, Austria
Bean, Clive Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Scholz, Kathrin Austria
Kelley, Jonathan International Survey Centre, Canberra, Australia
Evans, Ann The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
Evans, Mariah International Survey Centre, Canberra, Australia
Valenzuela, Paulina Centro de Estudios Públicos (CEP), Santiago, Chile
Lehmann, Carla Centro de Estudios Públicos (CEP), Santiago, Chile
Segovia, Carolina Centro de Estudios Públicos (CEP), Santiago, Chile
Papageorgiou, Bambos Center of Applied Research, Cyprus College, Nicosia, Cyprus
Hamplová, Dana Institute of Sociology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
Torpe, Lars Aalborg University, Denmark
Andersen, Johannes Aalborg University, Denmark
Harrits, Gitte S. Department of Political Science, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark
Andersen, Jørgen G. Department of Economics, Politics and Public Administration, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
Clement, Sanne L. Department of Economics, Politics and Public Administration, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
Borre, Ole University of Aarhus, Denmark
Togeby, Lise University of Aarhus, Denmark
Mouritzen, Poul E. University of Odense, Denmark
Jæger, Mads The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
Kjær, Ulrik Department of Political Science, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Lüchau, Peter Institute of Philosophy, Education and Study of Religions, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Fridberg, Torben The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
Nielsen, Hans J. Copenhagen University, Denmark
Gundelach, Peter Department of Sociology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Andersen, Bjarne H. Copenhagen University, Denmark
Taylor, Bridget Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Prior, Gillian Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Brook, Lindsay Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Stratford, Nina Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Bromley, Catherine Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Jarvis, Lindsey Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Thomson, Katarina Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Jowell, Roger Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
Bréchon, Pierre FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France
Lemel, Yannick FRANCE-ISSP (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique, Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative), Malakoff, France
Forsé, Michel FRANCE-ISSP (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique, Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative), Malakoff, France
Braun, Michael ZUMA, Mannheim
Beckmann, Petra ZUMA, Mannheim
Harkness, Janet ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
Mohler, Peter Ph. GESIS, Germany
Park, Alison National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London, Great Britain
Robert, Peter TÁRKI Social Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
Lewin-Epstein, Noah L. B.I. and Lucille Cohen, Institute for public opinion research, Tel Aviv, Israel
Yuchtman-Yaar, Eppie Israel
Meraviglia, Cinzia Department of Social Research, University of Eastern Piedmont, Alessandria, Italy
Whelan, Brendan Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland
Ward, Conor Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland
Bernini, Elena EURISKO, Milan, Italy
Fiaschi, Susanna EURISKO, Milan, Italy
Accornero, Laura Department of Social Research, University of Eastern Piedmont, Alessandria, Italy
Calvi, Gabriele EURISKO, Milan, Italy
Savoldelli, Rosanna EURISKO, Milan, Italy
Ghiolla, Máire N. Social Science Research Centre, University College Dublin, Ireland
Onodera, Noriko NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
Hara, Miwako NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
Koroleva, Ilze Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Latvia
Tabuns, Aivars Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Latvia
Aramaki, Hiroshi NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
Nishi, Kumiko NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
Ganzeboom, Harry B.G. Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Research Methodology, Free University Amsterdam, Netherlands
Becker, Jos Social and Cultural Planning Office (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands
Gendall, Philip Department of Communication, Journalism and Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
Devine, Paula ARK, School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work, Queen`s University, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Dowds, Lizanne Centre for Social Research, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Lundby, Knut Department of Media and Communication, University of Oslo, Norway
Repstad, Pål University of Agder, Norway
Magnussen, May-Linda Agder Research, Norway
Schmidt, Ulla Stiftelsen Kirkeforskning (KIFO), Norway
Aagedal, Olaf Stiftelsen Kirkeforskning (KIFO), Norway
Botvar, Pål K. Stiftelsen Kirkeforskning (KIFO), Norway
Skjåk, Knut K. Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Bergen, Norway
Stenvoll, Dag Norwegian Centre in Organization and Management, Norway
Selle, Per Norwegian Centre in Organization and Management, Norway
Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines
Vala, Jorge Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
Ramos, Alice Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
Cabral Villaverde, Manuel Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
Cichomski, Bogdan Institute of Social Studies, Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland
Khakhulina, Ludmilla Levada-Center, Moscow, Russia
Petrenko, E. Russia
Piscova, Magdalena Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakian Republic
Institute for Sociology of Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia
Hafner-Fink, Mitja Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Malnar, Brina Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Toš, Niko Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Stebe, Janez Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Méndez, Mónica Center of Sociological Research (CIS), Madrid, Spain
García-Pardo, Natalia Center of Sociological Research (CIS), Madrid, Spain
Edlund, Jonas Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
Svallfors, Stefan Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
Research team from the Institut d'éthique Social de la Fédération des Eglises protestants de la Suisse ('IES de la FEPS'), Lausanne, Switzerland
FORS, c/o University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
Davis, James A. National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago, USA
Smith, Tom W. National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago, USA
Marsden, Peter V. National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago, USA
Greeley, Andrew National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago, USA

Producer

Name Affiliation Abbreviation Role
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (archive release data set and DDI documentation), http://www.gesis.org/ GESIS

Date of Production

2019-01-10

Place of Production

Cologne, Germany

Data Distributor

Name Affiliation Abbreviation
GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Cologne, Germany GESIS

Version

Version 1.1.0 (2019-01-10), doi:10.4232/1.13171

Date: 2019-01-10

Type: GESIS archive edition

Version Responsibility Statement

GESIS Data Archive for the Social Sciences

Bibliographic Citation

ISSP Research Group (2019): International Social Survey Programme: Religion I-III - ISSP 1991-1998-2008. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5070 Data file Version 1.1.0, doi:10.4232/1.13171.

Topic Classification

  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Religion and values

Geographic Coverage

  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Chile
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Latvia
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Russian Federation
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • United States

Time Method

1990-04 - 1993-03
Australia, March to July 1993
Austria, February to March 1993
Germany, May to July 1991
Great Britain, March to June 1991
Northern Ireland, February to March 1991
Hungary, April to May 1991
Ireland, September to November 1991
Israel, December 1991
Italy, April 1990
Netherlands, 1991
New Zealand, June to July 1991
Norway, February to June 1991
Philippines, June to July 1991
Poland, November to December 1991
Russia, May to June 1991
Slovenia, November to December 1991
USA, February to April 1991

1998-02 - 1999-12
Austria: June 1999 to July 1999;
Chile: June 1998;
Czech Republic: June 1999 to July 1999;
Germany (West): July 1998 to September 1998;
Germany (east): July 1998 to September 1998;
France: December 1998;
Great Britain: April 1998 to August 1998;
Hungary: November 1998;
Ireland: May 1998 to June 1998
Italy: December 1998 to January 1999;
Japan: November 1998;
Latvia: August 1998;
Netherlands: September 1998 to January 1999;
New Zealand: August 1998 to October 1998;
Northern Ireland: October 1998 to December 1998;
Norway: September 1998 to December 1998;
Philippines: October 1998 to November 1998;
Poland: November 1999 to December 1999;
Portugal: April 1999;
Russia: September 1998;
Slovenia: October 1998;
Spain: September 1998;
Sweden: February 1998 to May 1998;
Switzerland: January 1999 to March 1999;
USA: February to May 1998.

2007-11 - 2010-07
Australia: 2009-12-02 to 2010-02-28;
Austria: 2008-10-22 to 2008-12-08;
Chile: 2008-06-07 to 2008-06-26;
Cyprus: 2008-07-07 to 2008-09-19;
Czech Republic: 2008-09-15 to 2008-09-29;
Denmark: 2009-01-22 to 2009-07-12;
France: September 2008 to December 2008;
Germany: 2008-03-01 to 2008-08-23;
Great Britain: 2008-06-10 to 2008-11-11;
Hungary: 2008-11-30 to 2008-12-10;
Ireland: 2008-08-12 to 2008-10-31;
Israel: 2009-09-15 to 2010-02-15;
Italien: 2008-11-03 to 2010-03-07;
Japan: 2008-11-22 to 2008-11-30;
Latvia: 2009-06-12 to 2009-07-06;
Netherlands: March 2008 to December 2008;
New Zealand: 2008-08-26 to 2008-11-30;
Northern Ireland: 2008-10-1 to 2009-02-27;
Norway: 2008-05-07 to 2008-07-09;
Philippines: 2007-11-30 to 2007-12-3 - Survey of Christians, 2008-04-2 to 2008-04-12 - Survey of Moslems;
Poland: 2010-06-02 to 2010-07-09;
Portugal: June 2009 to November 2009;
Russia: 2009-01-02 to 2009-01-26;
Slovakia: 2008-10-07 to 2008-10-28;
Slovenia: 2009-03-24 to 2009-06-04;
Spain: 2008-10-21 to 2008-12-05;
Sweden: 2008-02-19 to 2008-04-29;
Switzerland: 2008-02-08 to 2009-09-05;
USA: 2008-04-16 to 2008-09-15

Data Collector

ZA-Study-Nr. 2150 Religion I (ISSP 1991):
Australia: Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University, Canberra;
Austria: Institute Fessl & GfK, Wien;
Germany: Infratest, Muenchen;
Hungary: Tarsadalomkutatasi Informatikai Egyesueles (TARKI), Budapest;
Ireland: Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin;
Italy: EURISKO, Milano;
New Zealand: Department of Marketing, Massey University;
Norway: Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD), Bergen;
Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City;
Poland: Research Department of Polish Academy of Sciences;
Russia: VCIOM, The Russian Center for Public Opinion and Market Research, Moskau;
Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana;
United States: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago;

ZA-Study-Nr. 3190 Religion II (ISSP 1998):
Australia: RSSS;
Austria: IFES, Wien;
Cyprus: Cyprus College;
Germany: Infratest Burke Sozialforschung, Muenchen;
Great Britain: Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London;
Hungary: TARKI, Social Research Information Center;
Israel: Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University;
Italy: EURISKO, Milano;
Japan: NHK, Tokyo;
Netherlands: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP), Rijswijk;
New Zealand: Massey University, Department of Marketing;
Northern Ireland: Research and Evaluation Services (RES);
Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City;
Poland: Public Opinion Research Center, Warsaw;
Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatistico;
Russia: VCIOM, Moscow;
Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), Ljubljana;
Sweden: Statistics Sweden;
Switzerland: LINK Institute, Luzern;
United States: National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, NORC;
Norway: Norsk Gallup Institute

ZA-Study-Nr. 4950 Religion III (ISSP 2008):
Austria: IFES-Institut, Vienna;
Australia: Academic Surveys Australia, Black Rock, Melbourne;
Chile: ICCOM, Santiago;
Cyprus: Center of Applied Research, Cyprus College, Nicosia;
Czech Republic: Factum Invenio, s.r.o., Praha;
Denmark: SFI SURVEY, Copenhagen;
France: FRANCE-ISSP (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique, Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative), Malakoff;
Germany: TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, Munich;
Great Britain: National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London;
Hungary: TÁRKI Social Research Institute, Budapest;
Ireland: Amárach Field Research, Dublin;
Israel: B.I. and Cucille Cohen, Institute for public opinion research, Tel Aviv;
Italy: Doxa S.p.A., Milan;
Japan: Central Research Services, Tokyo;
Latvia: Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia;
Netherlands: Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Research Methodology, Free University Amsterdam;
New Zealand: Department of Communication, Journalism and Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North;
Northern Ireland: Interviewing was carried out by social survey interviewers employed by the Central Survey Unit of the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency;
Norway: TNS Gallup, Oslo;
Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City;
Poland: Public Opinion Research Center (CBOS), Warsaw;
Portugal: Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa;
Russia: Levada-Center, Moscow;
Slovakia: FOCUS, Bratislava;
Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK);
University of Ljubljana;
Spain: Center of Sociological Research (CIS), Madrid;
Sweden: SIFO Research and Consulting, Stockholm;
Switzerland: MIS Trend, Lausanne;
United States: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago;

Sampling Procedure

ZA-Study-Nr. 2150 Religion I (ISSP 1991):
Australia: simple random sample of persons 18 years old and older.
Austria: multi-stage stratified random sample of persons in private households 16 years old and older.
Germany: multi-stage stratified random sample of persons in private households 18 years old and older.
Great Britain: multi-stage stratified random sample of persons in private households 18 years old and older.
Northern Ireland:.
Hungary: multi-stage random sample from the adult population.
Ireland: random selection according to RANSAM system.
Israel: Area probability sample.
Italy: random selection of persons between the ages of 14 and 74 years.
New Zealand: simple random selection of persons over 18 years old from the election register.
Netherlands: simple random selection of persons from a mail register.
Norway: simple random selection of persons between the ages of 16 and 79 years from the central register.
Philippines: multi-stage stratified random sample of persons 18 years old and older.
Poland: multi-stage stratified random sample of persons in private households between the ages of 15 and 65 years.
Russia: multi-stage stratified random sample of persons 16 years old and older.
Slovenia: multi-stage stratified random sample of persons between the ages of 18 and 70 years.
USA: three-stage NORC master sampling.

ZA-Study-Nr. 3190 Religion II (ISSP 1998):
Multi-stage stratified random sample of respondents 18 years old and older

ZA-Study-Nr. 4950 Religion III (ISSP 2008):
Sampling procedures differ for the individual countries: Partly simple, partly multi-stage stratified random sample of respondents 18 years old and older, exclusion: Japan (16), Russia (16) and Sweden (17)

Mode of Data Collection

ZA-Study-Nr. 2150 Religion I (ISSP 1991):
Oral survey, written survey and mail survey with standardized questionnaire

ZA-Study-Nr. 3190 Religion II (ISSP 1998):
Mail, written, oral or telephone interview with standardized questionnaire

ZA-Study-Nr. 4950 Religion III (ISSP 2008):
Fieldwork methods: face-to-face interviews with standardized questionnaire (partly CAPI) with standardized questionnaire, postal survey or self-completion questionnaire and telephone interviews depending on the country.

Availability Status

A

Access Authority

Name Affiliation E-mail address Universal Resource Identifier

Related Materials

Datasets

SPSS
ZA5070_v1-1-0.sav.zip

Stata
ZA5070_v1-1-0.dta.zip

ZA1490_all_Overview_Duplicated_Records.xlsx
(Table)

guide_issp_cumulation_religion.pdf
(Guidelines)

Other References Note

Further Remarks

For more detailed information on the individual modules, please have a look at the documentations for:
ZA2150 Religion I (1991)
ZA3190 Religion II (1998)
ZA4950 Religion III (2008)

Data Files Description

File Name

ZA5070-1.1.NSDstat

Overall Case Count

102380

Overall Variable Count

123

Type of File

Nesstar 200801

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